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Title: Ophthalmologic survey of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, 1949. Atomic bomb radiation cataract case report with histopathologic study. Medical examination of Hiroshima patients with radiation cataracts (in Japanese and English)

Abstract

This document contains 3 reports dealing with the delayed effects of radiation on the eyes of survivors of the atomic explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the first study, 1000 persons who were listed as having been in the open and within two kilometers of the hypocenter at the time of the explosion were selected at random from the census files of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission for study. In addition, 231 others, comprising the total available number of surviving persons listed at present in the census files as having been within one kilometer of the hypocenter, were examined, as were several hundred others who were contacted through newspaper publicity, referrals from local ophthalmologists, or through hearsay. The survey resulted in bringing in persons having, or having had, a variety of ocular conditions. Those connected with the atomic bomb included the following diagnoses; multiple injuries of eyes and eyelids; keratoconjunctivitis from ultraviolet and ionizing radiations; thermal burn of the cornea and of the retina; retinitis proliferans; and radiation cataracts. The cataracts were the only delayed manifestations of ocular injury from the atomic bomb. The second paper is a case report of a histopathologic study of atomic bomb radiation cataract. Themore » third paper presents the results of medical examinations of survivors having radiation induced cataracts. 32 references, 8 figures. (DMC)« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Hiroshima (Japan)
OSTI Identifier:
5214574
Report Number(s):
ABCC-28-59
ON: DE84008462
DOE Contract Number:  
AC01-76EV03081
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
Japan
Language:
Japanese and English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; A-BOMB SURVIVORS; DELAYED RADIATION EFFECTS; CATARACTS; RADIOINDUCTION; EYES; HIROSHIMA; MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS; NAGASAKI; PATHOLOGY; RADIATION HAZARDS; SURVEYS; ASIA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; BODY; BODY AREAS; DISEASES; FACE; HAZARDS; HEAD; HEALTH HAZARDS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; JAPAN; ORGANS; POPULATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; SENSE ORGANS; SENSE ORGANS DISEASES; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man; 560161 - Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology- Man

Citation Formats

Cogan, D G, Martin, S F, Kimura, S J, Ikui, Hiroshi, and Fillmore, P G. Ophthalmologic survey of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, 1949. Atomic bomb radiation cataract case report with histopathologic study. Medical examination of Hiroshima patients with radiation cataracts. Japan: N. p., 1959. Web. doi:10.2172/5214574.
Cogan, D G, Martin, S F, Kimura, S J, Ikui, Hiroshi, & Fillmore, P G. Ophthalmologic survey of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, 1949. Atomic bomb radiation cataract case report with histopathologic study. Medical examination of Hiroshima patients with radiation cataracts. Japan. https://doi.org/10.2172/5214574
Cogan, D G, Martin, S F, Kimura, S J, Ikui, Hiroshi, and Fillmore, P G. Thu . "Ophthalmologic survey of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, 1949. Atomic bomb radiation cataract case report with histopathologic study. Medical examination of Hiroshima patients with radiation cataracts". Japan. https://doi.org/10.2172/5214574. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5214574.
@article{osti_5214574,
title = {Ophthalmologic survey of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, 1949. Atomic bomb radiation cataract case report with histopathologic study. Medical examination of Hiroshima patients with radiation cataracts},
author = {Cogan, D G and Martin, S F and Kimura, S J and Ikui, Hiroshi and Fillmore, P G},
abstractNote = {This document contains 3 reports dealing with the delayed effects of radiation on the eyes of survivors of the atomic explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the first study, 1000 persons who were listed as having been in the open and within two kilometers of the hypocenter at the time of the explosion were selected at random from the census files of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission for study. In addition, 231 others, comprising the total available number of surviving persons listed at present in the census files as having been within one kilometer of the hypocenter, were examined, as were several hundred others who were contacted through newspaper publicity, referrals from local ophthalmologists, or through hearsay. The survey resulted in bringing in persons having, or having had, a variety of ocular conditions. Those connected with the atomic bomb included the following diagnoses; multiple injuries of eyes and eyelids; keratoconjunctivitis from ultraviolet and ionizing radiations; thermal burn of the cornea and of the retina; retinitis proliferans; and radiation cataracts. The cataracts were the only delayed manifestations of ocular injury from the atomic bomb. The second paper is a case report of a histopathologic study of atomic bomb radiation cataract. The third paper presents the results of medical examinations of survivors having radiation induced cataracts. 32 references, 8 figures. (DMC)},
doi = {10.2172/5214574},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5214574}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {Japan},
year = {1959},
month = {1}
}