skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Polycyclic aromatic and organochlorine compounds in the atmosphere of Northern Ellesmere Island, Canada

Abstract

In February--April 1988 we collected air samples at Alert in the Canadian Arctic (82.5{degree}N, 62.3{degree}W) to determine the types, concentrations, and vapor-particle relationships for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and oxygenated compounds, organochlorine (OC) pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Samples were taken using a glass fiber filter-polyurethane foam train and were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography using mass selective and electron capture detection. PAH and oxygenated compounds included dibenzofuran, biphenyl, fluorene, phenanthrene, 9-fluorenone, fluoranthene, benzofluoranthenes, pyrene, chrysene, benzopyrenes, indeno(cd)pyrene, benzo(ghi)-perylene, 2-methyl phenanthrene, benz(a)anthracene, and anthracene (given in order of relative abundance, highest to lowest). OC compounds included hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCH), hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorobenzene, PCB, polychlorocamphenes, chlordanes, and the dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) group (given as above). The concentration ratios of {alpha}-HCH/{gamma}-HCH (5.2--9.8) and {ital trans} to {ital cis}-chlordane (0.78{minus}1.29) are reported. Compounds having estimated liquid-phase saturation vapor pressure ({ital p}{sup 0}{sub {ital L}}){ge}10{sup {minus}3} Pa at the average sampling temperature (245 K) were almost entirely gaseous. Those from 10{sup {minus}6}{le}{ital p}{sup 0}{sub {ital L}}{le}10{sup {minus}3} Pa were distributed between the particle and gas phases, whereas little or no gaseous component was evident for compounds having {ital p}{sup 0}{sub {ital L}}{le}10{sup {minus}6} Pa. The particle-vapor distribution of PAH and OC compared favorably to the Junge-Pankow model.more » {copyright} American Geophysical Union 1991« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of South Carolina (Columbia)
  2. Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5194962
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96:D6; Journal ID: ISSN 0148-0227
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ARCTIC REGIONS; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; CANADA; AIR POLLUTION; CHLORINATED AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; PESTICIDES; SURFACE AIR; AIR; AROMATICS; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; FLUIDS; GASES; HALOGENATED AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; HYDROCARBONS; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; POLAR REGIONS; POLLUTION; 540120* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Patton, G W, Walla, M D, Bidleman, T F, and Barrie, L A. Polycyclic aromatic and organochlorine compounds in the atmosphere of Northern Ellesmere Island, Canada. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.1029/91JD00010.
Patton, G W, Walla, M D, Bidleman, T F, & Barrie, L A. Polycyclic aromatic and organochlorine compounds in the atmosphere of Northern Ellesmere Island, Canada. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/91JD00010
Patton, G W, Walla, M D, Bidleman, T F, and Barrie, L A. Thu . "Polycyclic aromatic and organochlorine compounds in the atmosphere of Northern Ellesmere Island, Canada". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/91JD00010.
@article{osti_5194962,
title = {Polycyclic aromatic and organochlorine compounds in the atmosphere of Northern Ellesmere Island, Canada},
author = {Patton, G W and Walla, M D and Bidleman, T F and Barrie, L A},
abstractNote = {In February--April 1988 we collected air samples at Alert in the Canadian Arctic (82.5{degree}N, 62.3{degree}W) to determine the types, concentrations, and vapor-particle relationships for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and oxygenated compounds, organochlorine (OC) pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Samples were taken using a glass fiber filter-polyurethane foam train and were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography using mass selective and electron capture detection. PAH and oxygenated compounds included dibenzofuran, biphenyl, fluorene, phenanthrene, 9-fluorenone, fluoranthene, benzofluoranthenes, pyrene, chrysene, benzopyrenes, indeno(cd)pyrene, benzo(ghi)-perylene, 2-methyl phenanthrene, benz(a)anthracene, and anthracene (given in order of relative abundance, highest to lowest). OC compounds included hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCH), hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorobenzene, PCB, polychlorocamphenes, chlordanes, and the dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) group (given as above). The concentration ratios of {alpha}-HCH/{gamma}-HCH (5.2--9.8) and {ital trans} to {ital cis}-chlordane (0.78{minus}1.29) are reported. Compounds having estimated liquid-phase saturation vapor pressure ({ital p}{sup 0}{sub {ital L}}){ge}10{sup {minus}3} Pa at the average sampling temperature (245 K) were almost entirely gaseous. Those from 10{sup {minus}6}{le}{ital p}{sup 0}{sub {ital L}}{le}10{sup {minus}3} Pa were distributed between the particle and gas phases, whereas little or no gaseous component was evident for compounds having {ital p}{sup 0}{sub {ital L}}{le}10{sup {minus}6} Pa. The particle-vapor distribution of PAH and OC compared favorably to the Junge-Pankow model. {copyright} American Geophysical Union 1991},
doi = {10.1029/91JD00010},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5194962}, journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research; (United States)},
issn = {0148-0227},
number = ,
volume = 96:D6,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {6}
}