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Title: Preliminary process studies for bioremediation of PAH impacted soil

Abstract

Soil impacted with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) pose a major hazard to human life. To avoid further contamination, these soils need to be treated. The treatment can be chemical, physical, by supercritical extraction, or using other novel methods. The treatment choice is, however, governed by process economics. Biological methods are inherently very versatile, less expensive, and environmentally friendly. They operate at moderate conditions of temperature, pressure, and can be scaled up easily. It is of interest to do preliminary studies on the bioremediation of PAH impacted soils. The first step in a preliminary study is to identify the types and composition of contaminants in the soil. Then the physical and chemical properties data of these contaminants are considered. Based on these studies, a choice of microbial culture is made, from indigenous or acclimated strains of bacteria or fungi, which can efficiently consume these contaminants. Process conditions of temperature, alternate carbon and nitrogen sources, mixing, aeration, and moisture content were studied to achieve optimum contaminant removal.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Akron, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
51940
Report Number(s):
CONF-940930-
TRN: 95:012067
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Conference: 11. annual international Pittsburgh coal conference: coal, energy and the environment, Pittsburgh, PA (United States), 12-16 Sep 1994; Other Information: PBD: 1994; Related Information: Is Part Of Eleventh annual international Pittsburgh coal conference proceedings: Volume 2; Chiang, S.H. [ed.]; PB: 860 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; SOILS; CLEANING; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; BIODEGRADATION; REMEDIAL ACTION; PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS; SITE CHARACTERIZATION; MOISTURE; PH VALUE; SOIL CHEMISTRY; MICROORGANISMS; NUTRIENTS; BATCH CULTURE; EXPERIMENTAL DATA

Citation Formats

Cutright, T J, Joshi, M, and Lee, S. Preliminary process studies for bioremediation of PAH impacted soil. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Cutright, T J, Joshi, M, & Lee, S. Preliminary process studies for bioremediation of PAH impacted soil. United States.
Cutright, T J, Joshi, M, and Lee, S. Sat . "Preliminary process studies for bioremediation of PAH impacted soil". United States.
@article{osti_51940,
title = {Preliminary process studies for bioremediation of PAH impacted soil},
author = {Cutright, T J and Joshi, M and Lee, S},
abstractNote = {Soil impacted with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) pose a major hazard to human life. To avoid further contamination, these soils need to be treated. The treatment can be chemical, physical, by supercritical extraction, or using other novel methods. The treatment choice is, however, governed by process economics. Biological methods are inherently very versatile, less expensive, and environmentally friendly. They operate at moderate conditions of temperature, pressure, and can be scaled up easily. It is of interest to do preliminary studies on the bioremediation of PAH impacted soils. The first step in a preliminary study is to identify the types and composition of contaminants in the soil. Then the physical and chemical properties data of these contaminants are considered. Based on these studies, a choice of microbial culture is made, from indigenous or acclimated strains of bacteria or fungi, which can efficiently consume these contaminants. Process conditions of temperature, alternate carbon and nitrogen sources, mixing, aeration, and moisture content were studied to achieve optimum contaminant removal.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/51940}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {12}
}

Book:
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