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Title: Indirect liquefaction of coal. [Coal gasification plus Fischer-Tropsch, methanol or Mobil M-gasoline process]

Abstract

The most important potential environmental problems uniquely associated with indirect liquefaction appear to be related to the protection of occupational personnel from the toxic and carcinogenic properties of process and waste stream constituents, the potential public health risks from process products, by-products and emissions and the management of potentially hazardous solid wastes. The seriousness of these potential problems is related partially to the severity of potential effects (i.e., human mortality and morbidity), but even more to the uncertainty regarding: (1) the probable chemical characteristics and quantities of process and waste streams; and (2) the effectiveness and efficiencies of control technologies not yet tested on a commercial scale. Based upon current information, it is highly improbable that these potential problems will actually be manifested or pose serious constraints to the development of indirect liquefaction technologies, although their potential severity warrants continued research and evaluation. The siting of indirect liquefaction facilities may be significantly affected by existing federal, state and local regulatory requirements. The possibility of future changes in environmental regulations also represents an area of uncertainty that may develop into constraints for the deployment of indirect liquefaction processes. Out of 20 environmental issues identified as likely candidates for future regulatory action,more » 13 were reported to have the potential to impact significantly the commercialization of coal synfuel technologies. These issues are listed.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
International Research and Technology Corp., McLean, VA (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
5147303
Report Number(s):
DOE/EV/10291-T1
DOE Contract Number:  
AC01-79EV10291
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL LIQUEFACTION; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; HEALTH HAZARDS; ELEMENTS; EMISSION; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; REGULATIONS; SITE SELECTION; SOLID WASTES; TRACE AMOUNTS; AROMATICS; HAZARDS; HYDROCARBONS; LIQUEFACTION; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; WASTES; 010405* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Hydrogenation & Liquefaction; 010900 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 016000 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Health & Safety

Citation Formats

None. Indirect liquefaction of coal. [Coal gasification plus Fischer-Tropsch, methanol or Mobil M-gasoline process]. United States: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.2172/5147303.
None. Indirect liquefaction of coal. [Coal gasification plus Fischer-Tropsch, methanol or Mobil M-gasoline process]. United States. doi:10.2172/5147303.
None. Mon . "Indirect liquefaction of coal. [Coal gasification plus Fischer-Tropsch, methanol or Mobil M-gasoline process]". United States. doi:10.2172/5147303. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5147303.
@article{osti_5147303,
title = {Indirect liquefaction of coal. [Coal gasification plus Fischer-Tropsch, methanol or Mobil M-gasoline process]},
author = {None},
abstractNote = {The most important potential environmental problems uniquely associated with indirect liquefaction appear to be related to the protection of occupational personnel from the toxic and carcinogenic properties of process and waste stream constituents, the potential public health risks from process products, by-products and emissions and the management of potentially hazardous solid wastes. The seriousness of these potential problems is related partially to the severity of potential effects (i.e., human mortality and morbidity), but even more to the uncertainty regarding: (1) the probable chemical characteristics and quantities of process and waste streams; and (2) the effectiveness and efficiencies of control technologies not yet tested on a commercial scale. Based upon current information, it is highly improbable that these potential problems will actually be manifested or pose serious constraints to the development of indirect liquefaction technologies, although their potential severity warrants continued research and evaluation. The siting of indirect liquefaction facilities may be significantly affected by existing federal, state and local regulatory requirements. The possibility of future changes in environmental regulations also represents an area of uncertainty that may develop into constraints for the deployment of indirect liquefaction processes. Out of 20 environmental issues identified as likely candidates for future regulatory action, 13 were reported to have the potential to impact significantly the commercialization of coal synfuel technologies. These issues are listed.},
doi = {10.2172/5147303},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jun 30 00:00:00 EDT 1980},
month = {Mon Jun 30 00:00:00 EDT 1980}
}

Technical Report:

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