skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Recovering waste industrial heat efficiently

Abstract

Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC's) are being used in the generation of electrical or mechanical power in situations where little demand exists for process steam. Using organic fluids in Rankine cycles improves the potential for economic recovery of waste heat. The right organic fluid can enhance the conversion efficiency by tailoring the ORC heat recovery cycle to the thermodynamic characteristics of the waste heat stream. The selection of the working fluid is affected by its flammability, toxicity, environmental impact, materials compatibility, and cost. Water, ethanol, 2-methyl Pyridine/H2O, Flourinol, Toluene, Freon R-11, and Freon R-113 are compared. An organic cycle using toluene as the working fluid is schematicized.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Gilbert/Commonwealth, Reading, PA
OSTI Identifier:
5141758
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Spec. Eng.; (United States); Journal Volume: 49:3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 42 ENGINEERING; FREONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; RANKINE CYCLE; WASTE HEAT UTILIZATION; WORKING FLUIDS; COST; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ETHANOL; FLAME PROPAGATION; FLUORINE; HEAT RECOVERY; ORGANIC SOLVENTS; PICOLINES; POWER GENERATION; PROCESS HEAT; THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES; TOLUENE; TOXICITY; WATER; ALCOHOLS; AROMATICS; AZINES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY; ENERGY RECOVERY; FLUIDS; HALOGENATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; HALOGENS; HEAT; HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PYRIDINES; RECOVERY; SOLVENTS; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION 320304* -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Industrial & Agricultural Processes-- Waste Heat Recovery & Utilization; 425000 -- Engineering-- Power Cycles-- (1980-)

Citation Formats

Hnat, J.G., Bartone, L.M., Cutting, J.C., and Patten, J.S. Recovering waste industrial heat efficiently. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Hnat, J.G., Bartone, L.M., Cutting, J.C., & Patten, J.S. Recovering waste industrial heat efficiently. United States.
Hnat, J.G., Bartone, L.M., Cutting, J.C., and Patten, J.S. 1983. "Recovering waste industrial heat efficiently". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5141758,
title = {Recovering waste industrial heat efficiently},
author = {Hnat, J.G. and Bartone, L.M. and Cutting, J.C. and Patten, J.S.},
abstractNote = {Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC's) are being used in the generation of electrical or mechanical power in situations where little demand exists for process steam. Using organic fluids in Rankine cycles improves the potential for economic recovery of waste heat. The right organic fluid can enhance the conversion efficiency by tailoring the ORC heat recovery cycle to the thermodynamic characteristics of the waste heat stream. The selection of the working fluid is affected by its flammability, toxicity, environmental impact, materials compatibility, and cost. Water, ethanol, 2-methyl Pyridine/H2O, Flourinol, Toluene, Freon R-11, and Freon R-113 are compared. An organic cycle using toluene as the working fluid is schematicized.},
doi = {},
journal = {Spec. Eng.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 49:3,
place = {United States},
year = 1983,
month = 3
}