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Title: A new photodiode readout scheme for high resolution scintillation crystal arrays

Abstract

We are exploring the possibility of using PIN photodiodes to readout the scintillation crystals used in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) detector designs. Solid state photodetectors typically have a lower signal to noise ratio than photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). However, they have the advantage of compactness, and, thus, scintillation crystal readout schemes not available to PMTs because of their size and geometry limitations, are readily available to photodiodes. With current PET detector designs, only a small fraction of the available scintillation light created from 511 keV gamma ray collection studies were performed for several crystal geometries and surface treatments using both simulations and measurements. In this report, we present a feasible photodiode readout scheme that allows greater than 90% of the available scintillation light created in either BGO or LSO scintillation crystals to be collected by the photodiode readout somewhat compensates for its lower inherent signal to noise ratios and makes it feasible for use in PET. In addition, a coincident timing spectrum resolution of 3.5 ns FWHM was measured using small crystals of LSO, one coupled to a photodiode, the other to a PMT.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
513182
Report Number(s):
CONF-961123-
CNN: Grant R01-CA56655; TRN: 97:014235
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) nuclear science symposium and medical imaging conference, Anaheim, CA (United States), 2-9 Nov 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of 1996 IEEE nuclear science symposium - conference record. Volumes 1, 2 and 3; Del Guerra, A. [ed.]; PB: 2138 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
44 INSTRUMENTATION, INCLUDING NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE DETECTORS; POSITRON COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; SOLID SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; PHOTODIODES; READOUT SYSTEMS; MONTE CARLO METHOD

Citation Formats

Levin, C S, and Hoffman, E J. A new photodiode readout scheme for high resolution scintillation crystal arrays. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Levin, C S, & Hoffman, E J. A new photodiode readout scheme for high resolution scintillation crystal arrays. United States.
Levin, C S, and Hoffman, E J. Tue . "A new photodiode readout scheme for high resolution scintillation crystal arrays". United States.
@article{osti_513182,
title = {A new photodiode readout scheme for high resolution scintillation crystal arrays},
author = {Levin, C S and Hoffman, E J},
abstractNote = {We are exploring the possibility of using PIN photodiodes to readout the scintillation crystals used in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) detector designs. Solid state photodetectors typically have a lower signal to noise ratio than photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). However, they have the advantage of compactness, and, thus, scintillation crystal readout schemes not available to PMTs because of their size and geometry limitations, are readily available to photodiodes. With current PET detector designs, only a small fraction of the available scintillation light created from 511 keV gamma ray collection studies were performed for several crystal geometries and surface treatments using both simulations and measurements. In this report, we present a feasible photodiode readout scheme that allows greater than 90% of the available scintillation light created in either BGO or LSO scintillation crystals to be collected by the photodiode readout somewhat compensates for its lower inherent signal to noise ratios and makes it feasible for use in PET. In addition, a coincident timing spectrum resolution of 3.5 ns FWHM was measured using small crystals of LSO, one coupled to a photodiode, the other to a PMT.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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