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Title: FIREPLUME model for plume dispersion from fires: Application to uranium hexafluoride cylinder fires

Abstract

This report provides basic documentation of the FIREPLUME model and discusses its application to the prediction of health impacts resulting from releases of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) in fires. The model application outlined in this report was conducted for the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Alternative Strategies for the Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted UF{sub 6}. The FIREPLUME model is an advanced stochastic model for atmospheric plume dispersion that predicts the downwind consequences of a release of toxic materials from an explosion or a fire. The model is based on the nonbuoyant atmospheric dispersion model MCLDM (Monte Carlo Lagrangian Dispersion Model), which has been shown to be consistent with available laboratory and field data. The inclusion of buoyancy and the addition of a postprocessor to evaluate time-varying concentrations lead to the current model. The FIREPLUME model, as applied to fire-related UF{sub 6} cylinder releases, accounts for three phases of release and dispersion. The first phase of release involves the hydraulic rupture of the cylinder due to heating of the UF{sub 6} in the fire. The second phase involves the emission of material into the burning fire, and the third phase involves the emission of material after the firemore » has died during the cool-down period. The model predicts the downwind concentration of the material as a function of time at any point downwind at or above the ground. All together, five fire-related release scenarios are examined in this report. For each scenario, downwind concentrations of the UF{sub 6} reaction products, uranyl fluoride and hydrogen fluoride, are provided for two meteorological conditions: (1) D stability with a 4-m/s wind speed, and (2) F stability with a 1-m/s wind speed.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
510554
Report Number(s):
ANL/EAD/TM-69
ON: DE97008128; TRN: 97:018398
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jun 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; DEPLETED URANIUM; SAFETY ANALYSIS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; GAS CYLINDERS; F CODES; URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE; FIRES; SMOKES

Citation Formats

Brown, D F, Dunn, W E, Policastro, A J, and Maloney, D. FIREPLUME model for plume dispersion from fires: Application to uranium hexafluoride cylinder fires. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.2172/510554.
Brown, D F, Dunn, W E, Policastro, A J, & Maloney, D. FIREPLUME model for plume dispersion from fires: Application to uranium hexafluoride cylinder fires. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/510554
Brown, D F, Dunn, W E, Policastro, A J, and Maloney, D. Sun . "FIREPLUME model for plume dispersion from fires: Application to uranium hexafluoride cylinder fires". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/510554. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/510554.
@article{osti_510554,
title = {FIREPLUME model for plume dispersion from fires: Application to uranium hexafluoride cylinder fires},
author = {Brown, D F and Dunn, W E and Policastro, A J and Maloney, D},
abstractNote = {This report provides basic documentation of the FIREPLUME model and discusses its application to the prediction of health impacts resulting from releases of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) in fires. The model application outlined in this report was conducted for the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Alternative Strategies for the Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted UF{sub 6}. The FIREPLUME model is an advanced stochastic model for atmospheric plume dispersion that predicts the downwind consequences of a release of toxic materials from an explosion or a fire. The model is based on the nonbuoyant atmospheric dispersion model MCLDM (Monte Carlo Lagrangian Dispersion Model), which has been shown to be consistent with available laboratory and field data. The inclusion of buoyancy and the addition of a postprocessor to evaluate time-varying concentrations lead to the current model. The FIREPLUME model, as applied to fire-related UF{sub 6} cylinder releases, accounts for three phases of release and dispersion. The first phase of release involves the hydraulic rupture of the cylinder due to heating of the UF{sub 6} in the fire. The second phase involves the emission of material into the burning fire, and the third phase involves the emission of material after the fire has died during the cool-down period. The model predicts the downwind concentration of the material as a function of time at any point downwind at or above the ground. All together, five fire-related release scenarios are examined in this report. For each scenario, downwind concentrations of the UF{sub 6} reaction products, uranyl fluoride and hydrogen fluoride, are provided for two meteorological conditions: (1) D stability with a 4-m/s wind speed, and (2) F stability with a 1-m/s wind speed.},
doi = {10.2172/510554},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/510554}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {6}
}