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Title: Demonstration of oxygen-enriched combustion system on a light-duty vehicle to reduce cold-start emissions

Abstract

The oxygen content in the ambient air drawn by combustion engines can be increased by polymer membranes. The authors have previously demonstrated that 23 to 25% (concentration by volume) oxygen-enriched intake air can reduce hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), air toxics, and ozone-forming potential (OFP) from flexible-fueled vehicles (FFVs) that use gasoline or M85. When oxygen-enriched air was used only during the initial start-up and warm-up periods, the emission levels of all three regulated pollutants [CO, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), and NO{sub x}] were lower than the U.S. EPA Tier II (year 2004) standards (without adjusting for catalyst deterioration factors). In the present work, an air separation membrane module was installed on the intake of a 2.5-L FFV and tested at idle and free acceleration to demonstrate the oxygen-enrichment concept for initial start-up and warm-up periods. A bench-scale, test set-up was developed to evaluate the air separation membrane characteristics for engine applications. On the basis of prototype bench tests and from vehicle tests, the additional power requirements and module size for operation of the membrane during the initial period of the cold-phase, FTP-75 cycle were evaluated. A prototype membrane module (27 in. long, 3 in. in diameter) supplying about 23% oxygen-enrichedmore » air in the engine intake only during the initial start-up and warm-up periods of a 2.5-L FFV requires additional power (blower) of less than one horsepower. With advances in air separation membranes to develop compact modules, oxygen enrichment of combustion air has the potential of becoming a more practical technique for controlling exhaust emissions from light-duty vehicles.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
510553
Report Number(s):
ANL/ES/CP-92916; CONF-970639-2
ON: DE97007101; TRN: 97:004738
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 30. international symposium on automotive technology and automation: in fusion of technical excellence, Florence (Italy), 16-19 Jun 1997; Other Information: PBD: 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; OXYGEN ENRICHMENT; AUTOMOBILES; POLYMERS; MEMBRANES

Citation Formats

Sekar, R, and Poola, R B. Demonstration of oxygen-enriched combustion system on a light-duty vehicle to reduce cold-start emissions. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Sekar, R, & Poola, R B. Demonstration of oxygen-enriched combustion system on a light-duty vehicle to reduce cold-start emissions. United States.
Sekar, R, and Poola, R B. Fri . "Demonstration of oxygen-enriched combustion system on a light-duty vehicle to reduce cold-start emissions". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/510553.
@article{osti_510553,
title = {Demonstration of oxygen-enriched combustion system on a light-duty vehicle to reduce cold-start emissions},
author = {Sekar, R and Poola, R B},
abstractNote = {The oxygen content in the ambient air drawn by combustion engines can be increased by polymer membranes. The authors have previously demonstrated that 23 to 25% (concentration by volume) oxygen-enriched intake air can reduce hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), air toxics, and ozone-forming potential (OFP) from flexible-fueled vehicles (FFVs) that use gasoline or M85. When oxygen-enriched air was used only during the initial start-up and warm-up periods, the emission levels of all three regulated pollutants [CO, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), and NO{sub x}] were lower than the U.S. EPA Tier II (year 2004) standards (without adjusting for catalyst deterioration factors). In the present work, an air separation membrane module was installed on the intake of a 2.5-L FFV and tested at idle and free acceleration to demonstrate the oxygen-enrichment concept for initial start-up and warm-up periods. A bench-scale, test set-up was developed to evaluate the air separation membrane characteristics for engine applications. On the basis of prototype bench tests and from vehicle tests, the additional power requirements and module size for operation of the membrane during the initial period of the cold-phase, FTP-75 cycle were evaluated. A prototype membrane module (27 in. long, 3 in. in diameter) supplying about 23% oxygen-enriched air in the engine intake only during the initial start-up and warm-up periods of a 2.5-L FFV requires additional power (blower) of less than one horsepower. With advances in air separation membranes to develop compact modules, oxygen enrichment of combustion air has the potential of becoming a more practical technique for controlling exhaust emissions from light-duty vehicles.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {8}
}

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