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Title: Alfven-wave heating of a high-beta plasma column

Abstract

Alfven-wave heating experiments are performed on the High Beta Q Machine (HBQM) (Phys. Fluids {bold 25}, 262 (1982)) straight plasma column. An investigation is made of Alfven-wave energy absorption by the Alfven-resonant layer at which the local shear Alfven velocity is equal to the phase velocity of the driven plasma standing wave. The radial position of the resonance in the plasma is defined by the equilibrium magnetic field diamagnetic profile and nearly constant electron number density profile. The experiment uses a 250 MW ringing LC circuit in the 615--720 kHz frequency range with the capacitors driving the HBQM compression coil segments that are connected to form a 2.0 m long {ital m}={plus minus}1 antenna configuration with axial wave number {ital k}{sub {ital z}}=15.7 m{sup {minus}1}. Experiments were conducted on both hydrogen and deuterium plasmas. In the hydrogen case the Alfven resonance is predicted to lie inside the plasma. Internal magnetic field probes were used to measure both the rf and equilibrium magnetic fields. The rf heating produces a larger change in the hydrogen plasma axial magnetic field profile that is centered around {ital r}=6 cm, near the Alfven-resonance location. The rf {ital {tilde B}}{sub {theta}} signal shows a phase reversalmore » at the same radius. Other measurements show a 25% increase in plasma pressure for hydrogen. The antenna resistance increases from 0.06 {Omega} vacuum value to approximately 0.2 {Omega} in the presence of hydrogen plasma with a 31% absorption efficiency. The rf-induced effects in the deuterium plasma are 20%--50% smaller, agreeing with estimates based on collisional viscous damping, or collisonless model with finite ion cyclotron and Larmor radius effects. In the hydrogen case both these models predict insufficient energy absorption to explain observed heating.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5102561
DOE Contract Number:  
FG06-87ER53242
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Fluids B; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4:2; Journal ID: ISSN 0899-8221
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; HIGH-BETA PLASMA; ALFVEN WAVES; PLASMA HEATING; CYCLOTRON FREQUENCY; DEUTERIUM; DIAMAGNETISM; ELECTRON DENSITY; ENERGY ABSORPTION; HYDROGEN; LARMOR RADIUS; PHASE VELOCITY; PLASMA PRESSURE; RESONANCE; STANDING WAVES; ABSORPTION; ELEMENTS; HEATING; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; HYDROMAGNETIC WAVES; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MAGNETISM; NONMETALS; NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; PLASMA; SORPTION; STABLE ISOTOPES; VELOCITY; 700350* - Plasma Production, Heating, Current Drive, & Interactions- (1992-); 700340 - Plasma Waves, Oscillations, & Instabilities- (1992-)

Citation Formats

Cekic, M, Nelson, B A, and Ribe, F L. Alfven-wave heating of a high-beta plasma column. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.1063/1.860289.
Cekic, M, Nelson, B A, & Ribe, F L. Alfven-wave heating of a high-beta plasma column. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.860289
Cekic, M, Nelson, B A, and Ribe, F L. Sat . "Alfven-wave heating of a high-beta plasma column". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.860289.
@article{osti_5102561,
title = {Alfven-wave heating of a high-beta plasma column},
author = {Cekic, M and Nelson, B A and Ribe, F L},
abstractNote = {Alfven-wave heating experiments are performed on the High Beta Q Machine (HBQM) (Phys. Fluids {bold 25}, 262 (1982)) straight plasma column. An investigation is made of Alfven-wave energy absorption by the Alfven-resonant layer at which the local shear Alfven velocity is equal to the phase velocity of the driven plasma standing wave. The radial position of the resonance in the plasma is defined by the equilibrium magnetic field diamagnetic profile and nearly constant electron number density profile. The experiment uses a 250 MW ringing LC circuit in the 615--720 kHz frequency range with the capacitors driving the HBQM compression coil segments that are connected to form a 2.0 m long {ital m}={plus minus}1 antenna configuration with axial wave number {ital k}{sub {ital z}}=15.7 m{sup {minus}1}. Experiments were conducted on both hydrogen and deuterium plasmas. In the hydrogen case the Alfven resonance is predicted to lie inside the plasma. Internal magnetic field probes were used to measure both the rf and equilibrium magnetic fields. The rf heating produces a larger change in the hydrogen plasma axial magnetic field profile that is centered around {ital r}=6 cm, near the Alfven-resonance location. The rf {ital {tilde B}}{sub {theta}} signal shows a phase reversal at the same radius. Other measurements show a 25% increase in plasma pressure for hydrogen. The antenna resistance increases from 0.06 {Omega} vacuum value to approximately 0.2 {Omega} in the presence of hydrogen plasma with a 31% absorption efficiency. The rf-induced effects in the deuterium plasma are 20%--50% smaller, agreeing with estimates based on collisional viscous damping, or collisonless model with finite ion cyclotron and Larmor radius effects. In the hydrogen case both these models predict insufficient energy absorption to explain observed heating.},
doi = {10.1063/1.860289},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5102561}, journal = {Physics of Fluids B; (United States)},
issn = {0899-8221},
number = ,
volume = 4:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1992},
month = {2}
}