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Title: Effect of sodium and potassium ions on cesium absorption from nuclear power plant waste solutions on synthetic zeolites

Abstract

The separation of cesium from low-active waste solutions from a nuclear power plant by ion exchange using synthetic zeolites Zeolon 900 and Linde AW-500 was studied. The pH of the waste solutions was 6-13 and the concentrations of sodium and potassium ions were 8-2700 and 0.5-240 mmol/L, respectively. The distribution coefficient of cesium was determined as a function of pH and sodium and potassium ion concentration. Column breakthrough curves were contained and an empirical equation was derived to calculate the column performance at different sodium and potassium ion concentrations.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Helsinki, Dept. of Radiochemistry, Unioninkatu 35, SF-00170 Helsinki
OSTI Identifier:
5094706
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nucl. Chem. Waste Manage.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; CESIUM; ION EXCHANGE; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE PROCESSING; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; ABSORPTION; DIAGRAMS; EQUATIONS; LIQUID WASTES; PH VALUE; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; QUANTITY RATIO; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SYNTHETIC MATERIALS; ZEOLITES; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ALKALI METALS; ELEMENTS; INORGANIC ION EXCHANGERS; ION EXCHANGE MATERIALS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; METALS; MINERALS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; POWER PLANTS; PROCESSING; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; 052001* - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Processing

Citation Formats

Harjula, R, and Lehto, J. Effect of sodium and potassium ions on cesium absorption from nuclear power plant waste solutions on synthetic zeolites. United States: N. p., 1986. Web. doi:10.1016/0191-815X(86)90051-3.
Harjula, R, & Lehto, J. Effect of sodium and potassium ions on cesium absorption from nuclear power plant waste solutions on synthetic zeolites. United States. doi:10.1016/0191-815X(86)90051-3.
Harjula, R, and Lehto, J. Wed . "Effect of sodium and potassium ions on cesium absorption from nuclear power plant waste solutions on synthetic zeolites". United States. doi:10.1016/0191-815X(86)90051-3.
@article{osti_5094706,
title = {Effect of sodium and potassium ions on cesium absorption from nuclear power plant waste solutions on synthetic zeolites},
author = {Harjula, R and Lehto, J},
abstractNote = {The separation of cesium from low-active waste solutions from a nuclear power plant by ion exchange using synthetic zeolites Zeolon 900 and Linde AW-500 was studied. The pH of the waste solutions was 6-13 and the concentrations of sodium and potassium ions were 8-2700 and 0.5-240 mmol/L, respectively. The distribution coefficient of cesium was determined as a function of pH and sodium and potassium ion concentration. Column breakthrough curves were contained and an empirical equation was derived to calculate the column performance at different sodium and potassium ion concentrations.},
doi = {10.1016/0191-815X(86)90051-3},
journal = {Nucl. Chem. Waste Manage.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 6:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1986},
month = {1}
}