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Title: Effects of atmospheric pollutants on forests, wetlands, and agricultural ecosystems

Abstract

This book reports on the knowledge of the sensitivities and responses of forests, wetlands and crops to airborne pollutants. Pollutants examined include: acidic depositions, heavy metal particulates, sulphur dioxide, ozone, nitrogen oxides, acid fogs, and mixtures of these. Various types of ecosystem stresses and physiological mechanisms pertinent to acid deposition are also discussed. Related subjects, such as the effects of ethylene on vegetation, the physiology of drought in trees, the ability of soils to generate acidity naturally, the role of Sphagnum moss in natural peatland acidity, the use of lichens as indicators of changing air quality, and the magnitude of natural emissions of reduced sulphur gases from tropical rainforests and temperate deciduous forests, are covered.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5090115
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; POLLUTANTS; POLLUTION SOURCES; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; ACID RAIN; AGRICULTURE; AIR POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; FORESTS; GASES; LEADING ABSTRACT; NITROGEN DIOXIDE; OZONE; PARTICULATES; SULFUR DIOXIDE; WETLANDS; ABSTRACTS; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; CHALCOGENIDES; DOCUMENT TYPES; ECOSYSTEMS; FLUIDS; INDUSTRY; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN OXIDES; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PARTICLES; POLLUTION; RAIN; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES 510200* -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989); 500200 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989); 500500 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Site Resource & Use Studies-- (-1989); 510500 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Site Resource & Use Studies-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Hutchinson, T.C., and Meema, K.M. Effects of atmospheric pollutants on forests, wetlands, and agricultural ecosystems. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Hutchinson, T.C., & Meema, K.M. Effects of atmospheric pollutants on forests, wetlands, and agricultural ecosystems. United States.
Hutchinson, T.C., and Meema, K.M. 1987. "Effects of atmospheric pollutants on forests, wetlands, and agricultural ecosystems". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5090115,
title = {Effects of atmospheric pollutants on forests, wetlands, and agricultural ecosystems},
author = {Hutchinson, T.C. and Meema, K.M.},
abstractNote = {This book reports on the knowledge of the sensitivities and responses of forests, wetlands and crops to airborne pollutants. Pollutants examined include: acidic depositions, heavy metal particulates, sulphur dioxide, ozone, nitrogen oxides, acid fogs, and mixtures of these. Various types of ecosystem stresses and physiological mechanisms pertinent to acid deposition are also discussed. Related subjects, such as the effects of ethylene on vegetation, the physiology of drought in trees, the ability of soils to generate acidity naturally, the role of Sphagnum moss in natural peatland acidity, the use of lichens as indicators of changing air quality, and the magnitude of natural emissions of reduced sulphur gases from tropical rainforests and temperate deciduous forests, are covered.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1987,
month = 1
}

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  • This book presents the papers given at a conference on the effects of acid rain on forests. The conference was sponsored by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). Topics considered at the conference included the status of US research on acid deposition and its effects contributing factors to the decline of forests, evidence for effects on ecosystems, the effects of air pollutants on forest ecosystems in North America and Europe, forest management, and future scientific research programs and management approaches.
  • This book explores the long-term effects which develop gradually with time as a consequence of continuous large-scale deposition and storage of acids, heavy metals and other air pollutants. Process and rates of deposition, storage places of deposited air pollutants, and processes and rates of proton production by discoupling of the ion cycle are discussed. Proton consumption by silicate weather and effects of chemical soil state are reviewed. The effects on biological soil state and on animals, and effects of soil acidification and accumulation of air pollutants on plants are presented. This book should be of interest to meteorologists, foresters, botanists,more » soil scientists, zoologists, chemists, microbiologists and agriculturists.« less
  • This is a report of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment. The objective of the report is to provide information to scientific advisors of decision makers and to scientists studying effects of environmental pollution on ecosystems.
  • This book contains a compilation of the papers presented at the Acid Rain Conference, May 8-9, 1985. The primary topic of this conference was the environmental effect of pollution on forest ecosystems. This meeting was unique because it was a colloquium where scientists meet to pool their findings rather than to argue over a variety of adversarial positions.
  • Objectives of the Regional Project on Atmospheric Deposition (NC-141) are given for an interdisciplinary team of about 100 scientists in an initial network of 40 to 60 collection sites clustered more closely in the East but encompassing all of the US agencies supporting the project are the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the US Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Department of Energy (DOE), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Canadian Atmospheric Environment Service (CASES), the Sulfate Regional Experiment (SURE) of the Electric Powermore » Research Institute (EPRI), and the Multistate Atmospheric Power Production Pollution Study (MAP3S) of DO. The Cooperative State Research Service of the USDA is coordinating the development of interagency relationships and resources for research in the field of atmospheric deposition.« less