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Title: Development of an improved Sabatier reactor

Abstract

This paper presents the results of recent experimental and analytical studies of a Sabatier reactor where carbon dioxide and hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst react to form water, methane, and heat. The work undertaken in this program was aimed at simplification of design and control concepts of Sabatier subsystems. To this end, effort was expended to the development of UASC-151G, a highly active, physically durable catalyst composed of ruthenium on alumina. UASC-151G is five times as active as that supplied for the SSP program. The use of this improved catalyst has very significant effects on the Sabatier reaction subsystem design including: (1) lower temperature starting capability, (2) simiplification of active control and instrumentation requirements, (3) simplified reactor design, (4) improved reliability, and (5) high conversion efficiencies using only small amounts of catalyst. Reasonable agreement between test and computer simulation has been obtained for temperature and lean component conversion efficiencies for both steady-state and cyclic operation.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
United Technologies Corp., Hamilton Standard Div., Windsor Locks, Conn.
OSTI Identifier:
5087687
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
Am. Soc. Mech. Eng., (Pap.); (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 79-ENAS-36; Conference: 9. ASME intersociety conference on environmental systems, San Francisco, CA, USA, 16 Jul 1979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; REACTOR VESSELS; METHANATION; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CARBON DIOXIDE; CATALYSTS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; HYDROGEN; METHANE; REACTION KINETICS; RUTHENIUM; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; ALKANES; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CONTAINERS; ELEMENTS; HYDROCARBONS; KINETICS; METALS; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; PLATINUM METALS; SIMULATION; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; 400400* - Electrochemistry

Citation Formats

Birbara, P J, and Sribnik, F. Development of an improved Sabatier reactor. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Birbara, P J, & Sribnik, F. Development of an improved Sabatier reactor. United States.
Birbara, P J, and Sribnik, F. Mon . "Development of an improved Sabatier reactor". United States.
@article{osti_5087687,
title = {Development of an improved Sabatier reactor},
author = {Birbara, P J and Sribnik, F},
abstractNote = {This paper presents the results of recent experimental and analytical studies of a Sabatier reactor where carbon dioxide and hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst react to form water, methane, and heat. The work undertaken in this program was aimed at simplification of design and control concepts of Sabatier subsystems. To this end, effort was expended to the development of UASC-151G, a highly active, physically durable catalyst composed of ruthenium on alumina. UASC-151G is five times as active as that supplied for the SSP program. The use of this improved catalyst has very significant effects on the Sabatier reaction subsystem design including: (1) lower temperature starting capability, (2) simiplification of active control and instrumentation requirements, (3) simplified reactor design, (4) improved reliability, and (5) high conversion efficiencies using only small amounts of catalyst. Reasonable agreement between test and computer simulation has been obtained for temperature and lean component conversion efficiencies for both steady-state and cyclic operation.},
doi = {},
journal = {Am. Soc. Mech. Eng., (Pap.); (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 79-ENAS-36,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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