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Title: Interactions between seedlings of Agave deserti and the nurse plant Hilaria rigida

Abstract

Seedlings of the succulent crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plant Agave deserti in the northwestern Sonoran Desert were found only in sheltered microhabitats, nearly all occurring under the canopy of a desert bunchgrass, Hilaria rigida. Apparently because soil surface temperatures can reach 71{degree}C in exposed areas, seedlings were generally located near the center or on the northern side of this nurse plant. Both species have shallow root systems, about half of the roots of H. rigida and all those for seedlings of A. deserti occurring above soil depths of 0.08 m. To examine competition for water between the nurse plant and an associated seedling, a three-dimensional model for root water uptake was developed. Predicted pre-dawn soil water potentials at the mean root depth and total shoot transpiration agreed well with field measurements. Simulated annual water uptake by a seedling of A. deserti was reduced {approx}50% when the seedling was moved from an exposed location to the center of the nurse plant. Shading by the nurse plant reduced total daily photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) by up to 74% compared with an exposed seedling. On the other hand, soil nitrogen under the canopy of H rigida was 60% higher than in exposed locations.more » Assuming that the effects of nitrogen, temperature, PAR, and soil water on net CO{sub 2} uptake are multiplicative, the predicted net CO{sub 2} uptake by a seedling of A. deserti under the nurse plant was only {approx}45% of that for an exposed seedling.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles (USA)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5076212
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00012
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Ecology; (USA)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 69:6; Journal ID: ISSN 0012-9658
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ARID LANDS; ECOLOGY; SEEDLINGS; PLANT GROWTH; AVAILABILITY; CARBON DIOXIDE; COMPETITION; HABITAT; MOISTURE; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; PLANTS; UPTAKE; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; GROWTH; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; SYNTHESIS; 540210* - Environment, Terrestrial- Basic Studies- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Franco, A C, and Nobel, P S. Interactions between seedlings of Agave deserti and the nurse plant Hilaria rigida. United States: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.2307/1941151.
Franco, A C, & Nobel, P S. Interactions between seedlings of Agave deserti and the nurse plant Hilaria rigida. United States. https://doi.org/10.2307/1941151
Franco, A C, and Nobel, P S. Thu . "Interactions between seedlings of Agave deserti and the nurse plant Hilaria rigida". United States. https://doi.org/10.2307/1941151.
@article{osti_5076212,
title = {Interactions between seedlings of Agave deserti and the nurse plant Hilaria rigida},
author = {Franco, A C and Nobel, P S},
abstractNote = {Seedlings of the succulent crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plant Agave deserti in the northwestern Sonoran Desert were found only in sheltered microhabitats, nearly all occurring under the canopy of a desert bunchgrass, Hilaria rigida. Apparently because soil surface temperatures can reach 71{degree}C in exposed areas, seedlings were generally located near the center or on the northern side of this nurse plant. Both species have shallow root systems, about half of the roots of H. rigida and all those for seedlings of A. deserti occurring above soil depths of 0.08 m. To examine competition for water between the nurse plant and an associated seedling, a three-dimensional model for root water uptake was developed. Predicted pre-dawn soil water potentials at the mean root depth and total shoot transpiration agreed well with field measurements. Simulated annual water uptake by a seedling of A. deserti was reduced {approx}50% when the seedling was moved from an exposed location to the center of the nurse plant. Shading by the nurse plant reduced total daily photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) by up to 74% compared with an exposed seedling. On the other hand, soil nitrogen under the canopy of H rigida was 60% higher than in exposed locations. Assuming that the effects of nitrogen, temperature, PAR, and soil water on net CO{sub 2} uptake are multiplicative, the predicted net CO{sub 2} uptake by a seedling of A. deserti under the nurse plant was only {approx}45% of that for an exposed seedling.},
doi = {10.2307/1941151},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5076212}, journal = {Ecology; (USA)},
issn = {0012-9658},
number = ,
volume = 69:6,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {12}
}