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Title: Laticiferous taxa as a source of energy and hydrocarbon

Abstract

Twenty-nine laticiferous taxa of Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, and Sapotaceae were screened for suitability as alternative sources of renewable energy, rubber, and phytochemicals and to select the most promising ones for large-scale cultivation. Of these, Allamanda violacea (14.9% protein, 13.8% polyphenol, 8.6% oil, 3.2% hydrocarbon), Catharanthus roseus (15.4% protein, 10.4% polyphenol, 11.5% oil, 1.9% hydrocarbon), and Holarrhena antidysenterica (14.2% protein, 16.4% polyphenol, 5,4% oil, 4.8% hydrocarbon) of Apocynaceae; Asclepias curassavica (19.3% protein, 6.5% polyphenol, 3.9% oil, 2.0% hydrocarbon), Calotropis gigantea (18.5% protein, 6.8% polyphenol, 7.0% oil, 2.8% hydrocarbon) of Asclepiadaceae; Mimusops elengi (11.3% protein, 9.7% polyphenol, 7.2% oil, 4.0% hydrocarbon) of Sapotaceae show promising potential for future petrochemical plantations; of all these taxa, Holarrhena antidysenterica yielded an unusually high percentage (4.8%) of hydrocarbon fraction followed by Mimusops elengi (4.0%). NMR spectra confirmed the presence of cis-polyisoprene in all species studied except Nerium indicum (white-flowered var.). These data indicate that the majority of the species under investigation may be considered for large-scale cultivation as an alternative source of rubber, intermediate energy, and other phytochemicals.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. (Sardar Patel Univ., Gujarat (India))
OSTI Identifier:
5063613
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Economic Botany; (USA); Journal Volume: 43:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; HYDROCARBONS; BIOSYNTHESIS; PLANTS; RESOURCE POTENTIAL; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; RUBBERS; ELASTOMERS; ENERGY SOURCES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC POLYMERS; POLYMERS; SYNTHESIS; 090900* - Biomass Fuels- Processing- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Marimuthu, S., Subramanian, R.B., Kothari, I.L., and Inamdar, J.A. Laticiferous taxa as a source of energy and hydrocarbon. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/BF02859867.
Marimuthu, S., Subramanian, R.B., Kothari, I.L., & Inamdar, J.A. Laticiferous taxa as a source of energy and hydrocarbon. United States. doi:10.1007/BF02859867.
Marimuthu, S., Subramanian, R.B., Kothari, I.L., and Inamdar, J.A. . "Laticiferous taxa as a source of energy and hydrocarbon". United States. doi:10.1007/BF02859867.
@article{osti_5063613,
title = {Laticiferous taxa as a source of energy and hydrocarbon},
author = {Marimuthu, S. and Subramanian, R.B. and Kothari, I.L. and Inamdar, J.A.},
abstractNote = {Twenty-nine laticiferous taxa of Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, and Sapotaceae were screened for suitability as alternative sources of renewable energy, rubber, and phytochemicals and to select the most promising ones for large-scale cultivation. Of these, Allamanda violacea (14.9% protein, 13.8% polyphenol, 8.6% oil, 3.2% hydrocarbon), Catharanthus roseus (15.4% protein, 10.4% polyphenol, 11.5% oil, 1.9% hydrocarbon), and Holarrhena antidysenterica (14.2% protein, 16.4% polyphenol, 5,4% oil, 4.8% hydrocarbon) of Apocynaceae; Asclepias curassavica (19.3% protein, 6.5% polyphenol, 3.9% oil, 2.0% hydrocarbon), Calotropis gigantea (18.5% protein, 6.8% polyphenol, 7.0% oil, 2.8% hydrocarbon) of Asclepiadaceae; Mimusops elengi (11.3% protein, 9.7% polyphenol, 7.2% oil, 4.0% hydrocarbon) of Sapotaceae show promising potential for future petrochemical plantations; of all these taxa, Holarrhena antidysenterica yielded an unusually high percentage (4.8%) of hydrocarbon fraction followed by Mimusops elengi (4.0%). NMR spectra confirmed the presence of cis-polyisoprene in all species studied except Nerium indicum (white-flowered var.). These data indicate that the majority of the species under investigation may be considered for large-scale cultivation as an alternative source of rubber, intermediate energy, and other phytochemicals.},
doi = {10.1007/BF02859867},
journal = {Economic Botany; (USA)},
number = ,
volume = 43:2,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}