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Title: Leukemia among participants in military maneuvers at a nuclear bomb test. [Plumbbob Project]

Abstract

Preliminary studies indicate that nine cases of leukemia have occurred among 3224 men who participated in military maneuvers during the 1957 nuclear test explosion Smoky. This represents a significant increase over the expected incidence of 3.5 cases. They included four cases of acute myelocytic leukemia, three of chronic myelocytic leukemia, and one each of hairy cell and acute lymphocytic leukemia. At time of diagnosis, patient ages ranged from 21 to 60 years (mean, 41.8 years) and the interval from time of nuclear test to diagnosis from two to 19 years (mean, 14.2 years). Film-badge records, which are available for eight of the nine men, indicated gamma radiation exposure levels ranging from 0 to 2977 mrem (mean, 1033 mrem). Mean film-badge gamma dose for the entire Smoky cohort was 466.2 mrem.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA
OSTI Identifier:
5061604
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Am. Med. Assoc.; (United States); Journal Volume: 244:14
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; GAMMA RADIATION; LEUKEMOGENESIS; LEUKEMIA; RADIOINDUCTION; LATENCY PERIOD; MILITARY PERSONNEL; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATION DOSES; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; AGE GROUPS; ATMOSPHERIC EXPLOSIONS; GAMMA DOSIMETRY; PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM DOSEMETERS; PLUMBBOB PROJECT; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CARCINOGENESIS; DISEASES; DOSEMETERS; DOSES; DOSIMETRY; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; EXPLOSIONS; HEMIC DISEASES; IONIZING RADIATIONS; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; NEOPLASMS; PATHOGENESIS; PERSONNEL; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; 560151* - Radiation Effects on Animals- Man; 450202 - Explosions & Explosives- Nuclear- Weaponry- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Caldwell, G.G., Kelley, D.B., and Heath, C.W. Jr. Leukemia among participants in military maneuvers at a nuclear bomb test. [Plumbbob Project]. United States: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03310140033025.
Caldwell, G.G., Kelley, D.B., & Heath, C.W. Jr. Leukemia among participants in military maneuvers at a nuclear bomb test. [Plumbbob Project]. United States. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03310140033025.
Caldwell, G.G., Kelley, D.B., and Heath, C.W. Jr. Fri . "Leukemia among participants in military maneuvers at a nuclear bomb test. [Plumbbob Project]". United States. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03310140033025.
@article{osti_5061604,
title = {Leukemia among participants in military maneuvers at a nuclear bomb test. [Plumbbob Project]},
author = {Caldwell, G.G. and Kelley, D.B. and Heath, C.W. Jr.},
abstractNote = {Preliminary studies indicate that nine cases of leukemia have occurred among 3224 men who participated in military maneuvers during the 1957 nuclear test explosion Smoky. This represents a significant increase over the expected incidence of 3.5 cases. They included four cases of acute myelocytic leukemia, three of chronic myelocytic leukemia, and one each of hairy cell and acute lymphocytic leukemia. At time of diagnosis, patient ages ranged from 21 to 60 years (mean, 41.8 years) and the interval from time of nuclear test to diagnosis from two to 19 years (mean, 14.2 years). Film-badge records, which are available for eight of the nine men, indicated gamma radiation exposure levels ranging from 0 to 2977 mrem (mean, 1033 mrem). Mean film-badge gamma dose for the entire Smoky cohort was 466.2 mrem.},
doi = {10.1001/jama.1980.03310140033025},
journal = {J. Am. Med. Assoc.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 244:14,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 03 00:00:00 EDT 1980},
month = {Fri Oct 03 00:00:00 EDT 1980}
}