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Title: Ground rubber: Sorption media for ground water containing benzene and O-xylene

Abstract

The purpose of the current study is to examine the ability of ground rubber to sorb benzene and O-xylene from water contained with aromatic hydrocarbons. The study consisted of running both batch and packed bed column tests to determine the sorption capacity, the required sorption equilibration time, and the flow through utilization efficiency of ground rubber under various contact times when exposed to water contaminated with various amounts of benzene or O-xylene. Initial batch test results indicate that ground rubber can attain equilibrium sorption capacities up to 1.3 or 8.2 mg of benzene or O-xylene, respectively, per gram of tire rubber at solution equilibrium concentrations of 10 mg/L. Packed bed column tests indicate that ground tire rubber has on the average a 40% utilization rate when a hydraulic residence time of 15 min is used. Possible future uses of round rubber as a sorption media could include, but are not limited to, the use of ground rubber as an aggregate in slurry cutoff walls that are in contact with petroleum products. Ground rubber could also be used as a sorption media in pump-and-treat methodologies or as a sorption media in in-situ reactive permeable barriers.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  2. Hydro Group, Inc., Bridgewater, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
505989
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: PBD: Apr 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 02 PETROLEUM; TIRES; OIL SPILLS; REMEDIAL ACTION; ADSORBENTS; GROUND WATER; BENZENE; XYLENES; SORPTIVE PROPERTIES; MATERIALS TESTING; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION

Citation Formats

Kershaw, D S, Pamukcu, S, and Kulik, B C. Ground rubber: Sorption media for ground water containing benzene and O-xylene. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1997)123:4(324).
Kershaw, D S, Pamukcu, S, & Kulik, B C. Ground rubber: Sorption media for ground water containing benzene and O-xylene. United States. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1997)123:4(324)
Kershaw, D S, Pamukcu, S, and Kulik, B C. Tue . "Ground rubber: Sorption media for ground water containing benzene and O-xylene". United States. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1997)123:4(324).
@article{osti_505989,
title = {Ground rubber: Sorption media for ground water containing benzene and O-xylene},
author = {Kershaw, D S and Pamukcu, S and Kulik, B C},
abstractNote = {The purpose of the current study is to examine the ability of ground rubber to sorb benzene and O-xylene from water contained with aromatic hydrocarbons. The study consisted of running both batch and packed bed column tests to determine the sorption capacity, the required sorption equilibration time, and the flow through utilization efficiency of ground rubber under various contact times when exposed to water contaminated with various amounts of benzene or O-xylene. Initial batch test results indicate that ground rubber can attain equilibrium sorption capacities up to 1.3 or 8.2 mg of benzene or O-xylene, respectively, per gram of tire rubber at solution equilibrium concentrations of 10 mg/L. Packed bed column tests indicate that ground tire rubber has on the average a 40% utilization rate when a hydraulic residence time of 15 min is used. Possible future uses of round rubber as a sorption media could include, but are not limited to, the use of ground rubber as an aggregate in slurry cutoff walls that are in contact with petroleum products. Ground rubber could also be used as a sorption media in pump-and-treat methodologies or as a sorption media in in-situ reactive permeable barriers.},
doi = {10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1997)123:4(324)},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/505989}, journal = {Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering},
number = 4,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {4}
}