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Title: Geothermal resource development for electric power generation in Indonesia: results and future promises

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the largest developing countries in southeast Asia; therefore, energy demand tends to increase continuously. Fortunately, large amounts of energy resource potentials are available, among which is energy from geothermal resources. Some of these energy resources comprise exportable commodities such as oil, natural gas, and coal; others are for domestic consumption such as hydrothermal and geothermal energy. During the next several years the Indonesian government intends to accelerate development of nonexportable energies used to generate electrical power in order to save exportable energies that can bring foreign currencies. Therefore, geothermal has become a priority goal. Moreover, this type of energy is of particular interest because Indonesia has a large geothermal energy potential related to the Circum-Pacific volcanic belts. These geothermal manifestations are spread throughout almost the entire archipelago, except the island of Kalimantan. Geothermal exploration in Indonesia began in 1929 when some shallow wells were drilled in Kamojang, West Java. Actual exploration for geothermal energy to generate electricity commenced in 1972. Preliminary reconnaissance surveys were made by the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia. In 1982, the state oil company, Pertamina, was placed in charge of exploration and development activities for geothermal energy in different fields, either by itsmore » own activities or in the form of joint-operation contracts with foreign companies. In addition, the state electrical company, PLN, is responsible for installing a power plant to generate and distribute electricity. Presently, several projects are at different stages of maturity. Some fields are in an exploration stage, and others are already developed.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pertamina, Jakarta, Indonesia
OSTI Identifier:
5055418
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5055418
Report Number(s):
CONF-8608105-
Journal ID: CODEN: AAPGB
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol., Bull.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 70:7; Conference: 4. circum-Pacific energy and mineral resource conference, Singapore, China, 17 Aug 1986
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES; ENERGY SOURCE DEVELOPMENT; GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION; INDONESIA; ELECTRIC POWER; GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS; ASIA; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; EXPLORATION; ISLANDS; POWER; POWER PLANTS; RESOURCES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS 150102* -- Geothermal Energy-- Resources & Availability-- Non-USA-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Sumitramihardja, A., Robert, D., and Ibrahim, K. Geothermal resource development for electric power generation in Indonesia: results and future promises. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Sumitramihardja, A., Robert, D., & Ibrahim, K. Geothermal resource development for electric power generation in Indonesia: results and future promises. United States.
Sumitramihardja, A., Robert, D., and Ibrahim, K. Tue . "Geothermal resource development for electric power generation in Indonesia: results and future promises". United States.
@article{osti_5055418,
title = {Geothermal resource development for electric power generation in Indonesia: results and future promises},
author = {Sumitramihardja, A. and Robert, D. and Ibrahim, K.},
abstractNote = {Indonesia is one of the largest developing countries in southeast Asia; therefore, energy demand tends to increase continuously. Fortunately, large amounts of energy resource potentials are available, among which is energy from geothermal resources. Some of these energy resources comprise exportable commodities such as oil, natural gas, and coal; others are for domestic consumption such as hydrothermal and geothermal energy. During the next several years the Indonesian government intends to accelerate development of nonexportable energies used to generate electrical power in order to save exportable energies that can bring foreign currencies. Therefore, geothermal has become a priority goal. Moreover, this type of energy is of particular interest because Indonesia has a large geothermal energy potential related to the Circum-Pacific volcanic belts. These geothermal manifestations are spread throughout almost the entire archipelago, except the island of Kalimantan. Geothermal exploration in Indonesia began in 1929 when some shallow wells were drilled in Kamojang, West Java. Actual exploration for geothermal energy to generate electricity commenced in 1972. Preliminary reconnaissance surveys were made by the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia. In 1982, the state oil company, Pertamina, was placed in charge of exploration and development activities for geothermal energy in different fields, either by its own activities or in the form of joint-operation contracts with foreign companies. In addition, the state electrical company, PLN, is responsible for installing a power plant to generate and distribute electricity. Presently, several projects are at different stages of maturity. Some fields are in an exploration stage, and others are already developed.},
doi = {},
journal = {Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol., Bull.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 70:7,
place = {United States},
year = {1986},
month = {7}
}

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