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Title: Measurements of delayed neutron parameters for U-235 and Np-237

Abstract

Delayed neutrons are emitted by excited nuclei formed in beta decay of fission products called delayed neutron precursors. About 1% of the total neutrons released in fission are delayed neutrons; however, this small fraction plays an important role in nuclear reactor control. The delayed neutrons determine the time-dependent behavior of reactors, and knowledge of parameters used to predict neutron emission rate is essential for establishing reactivity worths. The delayed neutron yields, decay constants, and the absolute yield for the six-group delayed neutrons have been measured for U-235 and Np-237. This experiment has been called for in the forecast of experiments needed to support operations in the US. The bare U-235 metal assembly Godiva IV at the Los Alamos Critical Experiment Facility (LACEF) provided the source of neutrons. Godiva IV generated about 107 total fissions in the samples for the infinite and instantaneous irradiation needed to accentuate the shorter and longer-lived groups of delayed neutrons. The detection system used in the experiment consisted of 20 He-3 tubes embedded in a polyethylene cylinder. The delayed neutron activity resulting from the fast neutron-induced fission has been measured. The measured absolute yield for U-235 was determined to be 0.0163 ± 0.009 neutrons/fission. This valuemore » compares very well with the well-established Keepin absolute yield of 0.0165 ± 0.0005. The newly measured absolute yield value for Np-237 was 0.0126 ± 0.0007, which compares well to the recently reported value of 0.0129 ± 0.0004 by Saleh and Parish. The measured values for U-235 are corroborated with period (e-folding time) versus reactivity calculations.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
505366
Report Number(s):
LA-13317-T
ON: DE97007821; TRN: 97:013345
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DN: Thesis submitted to the Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (US); TH: Thesis (Ph.D.); PBD: Jul 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; REACTOR KINETICS; DELAYED NEUTRONS; URANIUM 235; NEPTUNIUM 237; GODIVA REACTOR; NEUTRON REACTIONS; FISSION; BETA DECAY; REACTIVITY WORTHS; DELAYED NEUTRON FRACTION

Citation Formats

Loaiza, David. Measurements of delayed neutron parameters for U-235 and Np-237. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.2172/505366.
Loaiza, David. Measurements of delayed neutron parameters for U-235 and Np-237. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/505366
Loaiza, David. 1997. "Measurements of delayed neutron parameters for U-235 and Np-237". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/505366. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/505366.
@article{osti_505366,
title = {Measurements of delayed neutron parameters for U-235 and Np-237},
author = {Loaiza, David},
abstractNote = {Delayed neutrons are emitted by excited nuclei formed in beta decay of fission products called delayed neutron precursors. About 1% of the total neutrons released in fission are delayed neutrons; however, this small fraction plays an important role in nuclear reactor control. The delayed neutrons determine the time-dependent behavior of reactors, and knowledge of parameters used to predict neutron emission rate is essential for establishing reactivity worths. The delayed neutron yields, decay constants, and the absolute yield for the six-group delayed neutrons have been measured for U-235 and Np-237. This experiment has been called for in the forecast of experiments needed to support operations in the US. The bare U-235 metal assembly Godiva IV at the Los Alamos Critical Experiment Facility (LACEF) provided the source of neutrons. Godiva IV generated about 107 total fissions in the samples for the infinite and instantaneous irradiation needed to accentuate the shorter and longer-lived groups of delayed neutrons. The detection system used in the experiment consisted of 20 He-3 tubes embedded in a polyethylene cylinder. The delayed neutron activity resulting from the fast neutron-induced fission has been measured. The measured absolute yield for U-235 was determined to be 0.0163 ± 0.009 neutrons/fission. This value compares very well with the well-established Keepin absolute yield of 0.0165 ± 0.0005. The newly measured absolute yield value for Np-237 was 0.0126 ± 0.0007, which compares well to the recently reported value of 0.0129 ± 0.0004 by Saleh and Parish. The measured values for U-235 are corroborated with period (e-folding time) versus reactivity calculations.},
doi = {10.2172/505366},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/505366}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {7}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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