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Title: Synthetic fluid inclusions: XIII. Experimental determination of PVT properties in the system H{sub 2}O + 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2} at elevated temperature and pressure

Abstract

The location of the liquid + vapor {yields} liquid phase boundary and the P-T slopes of iso-Th lines were determined for a constant composition of 40 {+-} 0.1 wt% NaCl 5 {+-} 0.15 mol% CO{sub 2} (both relative) to H{sub 2}O at high density. Synthetic fluid inclusions with this composition were formed in cold-seal pressure vessels at pressures of 2 and 4 kbar and temperatures between 350{degrees}C and 700{degrees}C. The inclusions were analyzed on a gas-flow heating/cooling stage to determine the temperatures of halite dissolution [Tm{sub (H+L+V{yields}L+V)}] and total homogenization [Th{sub (L+V{yields}L)}]. Addition to 40 wt% NaCl to an aqueous solution containing 5 mol% CO{sub 2} causes a significant shift of the liquid + vapor {yields} liquid boundary towards higher pressures. The slopes of the iso-Th lines decrease from 29.5 bars/{degrees}C for Th{sub (L+V{yields}L)} of 400{degrees}C, to 6.4 bars/{degrees}C for Th{sub (L+V{yields})} = 600{degrees}C. Addition of 5 mol% CO{sub 2} to an aqueous solution containing 40 wt% NaCl results in halite dissolution temperatures that are slightly higher (Tm{sub (H+L+V{yields}L+V)} {approx} 332{degrees}C) than the literature value of 323{degrees}C for the vapor-saturated liquidus of an H{sub 2}O-40 wt% NaCl mixture. Calculated molar volumes for 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2}more » solutions at 2 and 4 kbar show trends that are similar to those of other compositions in the ternary system H{sub 2}O-CO{sub 2}-NaCl at the same pressures and temperatures. In the P-T range of this study, all excess volumes are negative and lie between the values for the compositions H{sub 2}O-5 mol% CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O-40 wt% NaCl. 30 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blackburg, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
505163
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: PBD: Oct 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
40 CHEMISTRY; 58 GEOSCIENCES; SODIUM CHLORIDES; INCLUSIONS; SYNTHESIS; GEOCHEMISTRY; PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Schmidt, C, Rosso, K M, and Bodnar, R J. Synthetic fluid inclusions: XIII. Experimental determination of PVT properties in the system H{sub 2}O + 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2} at elevated temperature and pressure. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00258-2.
Schmidt, C, Rosso, K M, & Bodnar, R J. Synthetic fluid inclusions: XIII. Experimental determination of PVT properties in the system H{sub 2}O + 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2} at elevated temperature and pressure. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(95)00258-2
Schmidt, C, Rosso, K M, and Bodnar, R J. Sun . "Synthetic fluid inclusions: XIII. Experimental determination of PVT properties in the system H{sub 2}O + 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2} at elevated temperature and pressure". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(95)00258-2.
@article{osti_505163,
title = {Synthetic fluid inclusions: XIII. Experimental determination of PVT properties in the system H{sub 2}O + 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2} at elevated temperature and pressure},
author = {Schmidt, C and Rosso, K M and Bodnar, R J},
abstractNote = {The location of the liquid + vapor {yields} liquid phase boundary and the P-T slopes of iso-Th lines were determined for a constant composition of 40 {+-} 0.1 wt% NaCl 5 {+-} 0.15 mol% CO{sub 2} (both relative) to H{sub 2}O at high density. Synthetic fluid inclusions with this composition were formed in cold-seal pressure vessels at pressures of 2 and 4 kbar and temperatures between 350{degrees}C and 700{degrees}C. The inclusions were analyzed on a gas-flow heating/cooling stage to determine the temperatures of halite dissolution [Tm{sub (H+L+V{yields}L+V)}] and total homogenization [Th{sub (L+V{yields}L)}]. Addition to 40 wt% NaCl to an aqueous solution containing 5 mol% CO{sub 2} causes a significant shift of the liquid + vapor {yields} liquid boundary towards higher pressures. The slopes of the iso-Th lines decrease from 29.5 bars/{degrees}C for Th{sub (L+V{yields}L)} of 400{degrees}C, to 6.4 bars/{degrees}C for Th{sub (L+V{yields})} = 600{degrees}C. Addition of 5 mol% CO{sub 2} to an aqueous solution containing 40 wt% NaCl results in halite dissolution temperatures that are slightly higher (Tm{sub (H+L+V{yields}L+V)} {approx} 332{degrees}C) than the literature value of 323{degrees}C for the vapor-saturated liquidus of an H{sub 2}O-40 wt% NaCl mixture. Calculated molar volumes for 40 wt% NaCl + 5 mol% CO{sub 2} solutions at 2 and 4 kbar show trends that are similar to those of other compositions in the ternary system H{sub 2}O-CO{sub 2}-NaCl at the same pressures and temperatures. In the P-T range of this study, all excess volumes are negative and lie between the values for the compositions H{sub 2}O-5 mol% CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O-40 wt% NaCl. 30 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.},
doi = {10.1016/0016-7037(95)00258-2},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/505163}, journal = {Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta},
number = 19,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {10}
}