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Title: Aerial production, mortality, and mineral accumulation-export dynamics in Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus plant stands in a Georgia salt marsh

Abstract

Biomass and disappearance of dead material were measured in stands of tall creek bank Spartina alterniflora, short high marsh S. alterniflora, and Juncus roemerianus in Georgia, USA at 4-wk intervals for 1 yr and at 8-wk intervals for a second yr. Growth and mortality were calculated from these data. Net primary production estimates, using changes in biomass only, ranged from 10 to 75% lower than estimates which included the disappearance of dead material. Agreement between the methods was closest when the interval between harvests was shortest and the rate of dead material disappearance the slowest. Estimates of mean annual net primary production, computed from changes in biomass and disappearance of dead plant material, were: creekbank S. alterniflora 3700 g/m/sup 2/, high marsh S. alterniflora 1300 g/m/sup 2/, and J. roemerianus 2200 g/m/sup 2/. The seasonal amplitude in the amount of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg in the living tissue was greatest in the creekbank S. alterniflora. The maximum accumulation of most elements was in late summer. In the tissue of S. alterniflora, N and P were highest in concentration in late winter and early spring. In summer, growth occurred faster than nutrient accumulation; therefore, tissue concentrations decreased. Seasonal patternsmore » of element disappearance from the dead plant community showed that maximum export depended on community type and the element under consideration.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Georgia Marine Inst., Sapelo Island
OSTI Identifier:
5025896
DOE Contract Number:  
ORO-3238
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Ecology; (United States); Journal Volume: 61:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; BIOMASS; PRODUCTIVITY; CALCIUM; TISSUE DISTRIBUTION; MAGNESIUM; NITROGEN; PHOSPHORUS; PLANTS; METABOLISM; MINERAL CYCLING; POTASSIUM; AERIAL MONITORING; CARBON CYCLE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ECOSYSTEMS; GROWTH; MARSHES; MORTALITY; REVEGETATION; SEASONAL VARIATIONS; SPECIES DIVERSITY; TRANSLOCATION; ALKALI METALS; ALKALINE EARTH METALS; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; DISTRIBUTION; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; METALS; MONITORING; NONMETALS; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; VARIATIONS; 510100* - Environment, Terrestrial- Basic Studies- (-1989); 551000 - Physiological Systems

Citation Formats

Gallagher, J.L., Reimold, R.J., Linthurst, R.A., and Pfeiffer, W.J. Aerial production, mortality, and mineral accumulation-export dynamics in Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus plant stands in a Georgia salt marsh. United States: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.2307/1935189.
Gallagher, J.L., Reimold, R.J., Linthurst, R.A., & Pfeiffer, W.J. Aerial production, mortality, and mineral accumulation-export dynamics in Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus plant stands in a Georgia salt marsh. United States. doi:10.2307/1935189.
Gallagher, J.L., Reimold, R.J., Linthurst, R.A., and Pfeiffer, W.J. Tue . "Aerial production, mortality, and mineral accumulation-export dynamics in Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus plant stands in a Georgia salt marsh". United States. doi:10.2307/1935189.
@article{osti_5025896,
title = {Aerial production, mortality, and mineral accumulation-export dynamics in Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus plant stands in a Georgia salt marsh},
author = {Gallagher, J.L. and Reimold, R.J. and Linthurst, R.A. and Pfeiffer, W.J.},
abstractNote = {Biomass and disappearance of dead material were measured in stands of tall creek bank Spartina alterniflora, short high marsh S. alterniflora, and Juncus roemerianus in Georgia, USA at 4-wk intervals for 1 yr and at 8-wk intervals for a second yr. Growth and mortality were calculated from these data. Net primary production estimates, using changes in biomass only, ranged from 10 to 75% lower than estimates which included the disappearance of dead material. Agreement between the methods was closest when the interval between harvests was shortest and the rate of dead material disappearance the slowest. Estimates of mean annual net primary production, computed from changes in biomass and disappearance of dead plant material, were: creekbank S. alterniflora 3700 g/m/sup 2/, high marsh S. alterniflora 1300 g/m/sup 2/, and J. roemerianus 2200 g/m/sup 2/. The seasonal amplitude in the amount of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg in the living tissue was greatest in the creekbank S. alterniflora. The maximum accumulation of most elements was in late summer. In the tissue of S. alterniflora, N and P were highest in concentration in late winter and early spring. In summer, growth occurred faster than nutrient accumulation; therefore, tissue concentrations decreased. Seasonal patterns of element disappearance from the dead plant community showed that maximum export depended on community type and the element under consideration.},
doi = {10.2307/1935189},
journal = {Ecology; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 61:2,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 1980},
month = {Tue Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 1980}
}