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Title: Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-298-2182, Gibson Flatiron, Erica Shell Manufacturing, Bozeman, Montana

Abstract

In response to a request from the Montana State Health Department, an evaluation was undertaken of exposures to wood dust and lacquer vapors at the Gibson Flatiron/Erica Shell Manufacturing Companies (SIC-3931), Bozeman, Montana. Gibson Flatiron manufactured mandolins and banjoes. Erica Shell Manufacturing Company cuts and grinds abalone and other sea shells into small pieces to be used in designs inlayed into mandolins and banjos. Measured wood dust levels ranged from 0.8 to 32mg/cu m with an 8 hour time weighted average (TWA) of 1.2 to 30mg/cu m. Rib construction and assembly, and planing bulk ebony wood had TWA exposures above the OSHA permissible exposure limit of 5mg/cu m for wood dust. Application of dyes and finishes resulted in low exposures to acetone (67641), toluene (108883), xylene (1330207), and butyl-acetate (123864). No solvent air concentrations were above 10% of their respective PELs. The author concludes that a health hazard existed for exposure to wood dusts. The author recommends the establishment of a respiratory protection program and a hearing conservation program. Emergency egress routes should be marked in the buildings.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
5014337
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5014337
Report Number(s):
PB-92-184175/XAB; HETA--91-298-2182
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; ACETONE; TOXICITY; BUILDINGS; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; MONTANA; ORGANIC SOLVENTS; TOLUENE; XYLENES; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; DYES; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE; INHALATION; MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE CONCENTRATION; OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE; PERSONNEL; RECOMMENDATIONS; AIR POLLUTION; ALKYLATED AROMATICS; AROMATICS; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; FEDERAL REGION VIII; HYDROCARBONS; INTAKE; KETONES; MEDICINE; MONITORING; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; SAFETY STANDARDS; SOLVENTS; STANDARDS; USA 540120* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 560300 -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology

Citation Formats

McCammon, C.S.. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-298-2182, Gibson Flatiron, Erica Shell Manufacturing, Bozeman, Montana. United States: N. p., 1992. Web.
McCammon, C.S.. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-298-2182, Gibson Flatiron, Erica Shell Manufacturing, Bozeman, Montana. United States.
McCammon, C.S.. Sat . "Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-298-2182, Gibson Flatiron, Erica Shell Manufacturing, Bozeman, Montana". United States.
@article{osti_5014337,
title = {Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-298-2182, Gibson Flatiron, Erica Shell Manufacturing, Bozeman, Montana},
author = {McCammon, C.S.},
abstractNote = {In response to a request from the Montana State Health Department, an evaluation was undertaken of exposures to wood dust and lacquer vapors at the Gibson Flatiron/Erica Shell Manufacturing Companies (SIC-3931), Bozeman, Montana. Gibson Flatiron manufactured mandolins and banjoes. Erica Shell Manufacturing Company cuts and grinds abalone and other sea shells into small pieces to be used in designs inlayed into mandolins and banjos. Measured wood dust levels ranged from 0.8 to 32mg/cu m with an 8 hour time weighted average (TWA) of 1.2 to 30mg/cu m. Rib construction and assembly, and planing bulk ebony wood had TWA exposures above the OSHA permissible exposure limit of 5mg/cu m for wood dust. Application of dyes and finishes resulted in low exposures to acetone (67641), toluene (108883), xylene (1330207), and butyl-acetate (123864). No solvent air concentrations were above 10% of their respective PELs. The author concludes that a health hazard existed for exposure to wood dusts. The author recommends the establishment of a respiratory protection program and a hearing conservation program. Emergency egress routes should be marked in the buildings.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 1992},
month = {Sat Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 1992}
}

Technical Report:
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