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Title: A search for gravitational waves from coalescing binary stars using the Caltech 40 meter gravity wave detector

Abstract

A search for gravitational radiation from coalescing compact binary stars was conducted. This is the first time that the Caltech gravity wave detector has been used to search for burst sources. This detector is made of two 40 meter Fabry-Perot interferometers. The mirrors of the Fabry-Perot cavities are suspended, so that they are free to move in response to a gravity wave. The Caltech detector is a prototype for a set of larger detectors (4 km long cavities). The purpose of this search was to develop techniques applicable to the larger detectors. An algorithm was developed which searches for the distinctive waveform of a coalescing binary, regardless of the masses of the stars in that binary. Thirty-six minutes of data were analyzed. These data spanned one hour and were collected when the Glasgow detector was also operating, (the Glasgow and Caltech detectors had comparable sensitivity at the time of this experiment). The limit this search sets varies with the mass parameter, {eta}, which is a function of the stars' masses. For two 1.4M mass of sun stars no coalescences were observed with h > 5 {times} 10{sup {minus}17}; this corresponds to a binary approximately 25 parsecs away. At the timemore » of this experiment the Caltech detector had a displacement sensitivity of 10{sup {minus}17} m/{radical}Hz at frequencies near 1 kHz. Since then the detector has improved so that at frequencies near 1kHz the displacement sensitivity is 4 {times} 10{sup {minus}18}m/{radical}Hz. At this level of sensitivity there are many conceivable sources of noise which must be considered and, if necessary, eliminated.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5012827
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Thesis (Ph. D.)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BINARY STARS; GRAVITATIONAL RADIATION; DETECTION; ALGORITHMS; DATA ANALYSIS; GRAVITATIONAL WAVE DETECTORS; INTERFEROMETERS; MASS; SENSITIVITY; MATHEMATICAL LOGIC; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; RADIATION DETECTORS; RADIATIONS; STARS; 640102* - Astrophysics & Cosmology- Stars & Quasi-Stellar, Radio & X-Ray Sources; 640106 - Astrophysics & Cosmology- Cosmology

Citation Formats

Smith, S L. A search for gravitational waves from coalescing binary stars using the Caltech 40 meter gravity wave detector. United States: N. p., 1988. Web.
Smith, S L. A search for gravitational waves from coalescing binary stars using the Caltech 40 meter gravity wave detector. United States.
Smith, S L. Fri . "A search for gravitational waves from coalescing binary stars using the Caltech 40 meter gravity wave detector". United States.
@article{osti_5012827,
title = {A search for gravitational waves from coalescing binary stars using the Caltech 40 meter gravity wave detector},
author = {Smith, S L},
abstractNote = {A search for gravitational radiation from coalescing compact binary stars was conducted. This is the first time that the Caltech gravity wave detector has been used to search for burst sources. This detector is made of two 40 meter Fabry-Perot interferometers. The mirrors of the Fabry-Perot cavities are suspended, so that they are free to move in response to a gravity wave. The Caltech detector is a prototype for a set of larger detectors (4 km long cavities). The purpose of this search was to develop techniques applicable to the larger detectors. An algorithm was developed which searches for the distinctive waveform of a coalescing binary, regardless of the masses of the stars in that binary. Thirty-six minutes of data were analyzed. These data spanned one hour and were collected when the Glasgow detector was also operating, (the Glasgow and Caltech detectors had comparable sensitivity at the time of this experiment). The limit this search sets varies with the mass parameter, {eta}, which is a function of the stars' masses. For two 1.4M mass of sun stars no coalescences were observed with h > 5 {times} 10{sup {minus}17}; this corresponds to a binary approximately 25 parsecs away. At the time of this experiment the Caltech detector had a displacement sensitivity of 10{sup {minus}17} m/{radical}Hz at frequencies near 1 kHz. Since then the detector has improved so that at frequencies near 1kHz the displacement sensitivity is 4 {times} 10{sup {minus}18}m/{radical}Hz. At this level of sensitivity there are many conceivable sources of noise which must be considered and, if necessary, eliminated.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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