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Title: Skin dose from radionuclide contamination on clothing

Abstract

Skin dose due to radio nuclide contamination on clothing is calculated by Monte Carlo simulation of electron and photon radiation transport. Contamination due to a hot particle on some selected clothing geometries of cotton garment is simulated. The effect of backscattering in the surrounding air is taken into account. For each combination of source-clothing geometry, the dose distribution function in the skin, including the dose at tissue depths of 7 mg cm{sup -2} and 1,000 Mg cm{sup -2}, is calculated by simulating monoenergetic photon and electron sources. Skin dose due to contamination by a radionuclide is then determined by proper weighting of & monoenergetic dose distribution functions. The results are compared with the VARSKIN point-kernel code for some radionuclides, indicating that the latter code tends to under-estimate the dose for gamma and high energy beta sources while it overestimates skin dose for low energy beta sources. 13 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of New Brunswick, Fredericton (Canada)
  2. AECL, Chalk River, Ontario (Canada)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
494217
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Physics; Journal Volume: 72; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: PBD: Jun 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 99 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTERS, INFORMATION SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT, LAW, MISCELLANEOUS; SKIN; RADIATION DOSES; CLOTHING; CONTAMINATION; MONTE CARLO METHOD; RADIATION PROTECTION

Citation Formats

Taylor, D.C., Hussein, E.M.A., and Yuen, P.S. Skin dose from radionuclide contamination on clothing. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1097/00004032-199706000-00002.
Taylor, D.C., Hussein, E.M.A., & Yuen, P.S. Skin dose from radionuclide contamination on clothing. United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-199706000-00002.
Taylor, D.C., Hussein, E.M.A., and Yuen, P.S. Sun . "Skin dose from radionuclide contamination on clothing". United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-199706000-00002.
@article{osti_494217,
title = {Skin dose from radionuclide contamination on clothing},
author = {Taylor, D.C. and Hussein, E.M.A. and Yuen, P.S.},
abstractNote = {Skin dose due to radio nuclide contamination on clothing is calculated by Monte Carlo simulation of electron and photon radiation transport. Contamination due to a hot particle on some selected clothing geometries of cotton garment is simulated. The effect of backscattering in the surrounding air is taken into account. For each combination of source-clothing geometry, the dose distribution function in the skin, including the dose at tissue depths of 7 mg cm{sup -2} and 1,000 Mg cm{sup -2}, is calculated by simulating monoenergetic photon and electron sources. Skin dose due to contamination by a radionuclide is then determined by proper weighting of & monoenergetic dose distribution functions. The results are compared with the VARSKIN point-kernel code for some radionuclides, indicating that the latter code tends to under-estimate the dose for gamma and high energy beta sources while it overestimates skin dose for low energy beta sources. 13 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.},
doi = {10.1097/00004032-199706000-00002},
journal = {Health Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 72,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1997},
month = {Sun Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1997}
}