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Title: The effect of some fundamental aspects of the pitting corrosion of stainless steel on electrochemical noise measurements

Abstract

Features of metastable pit growth on stainless steel that affect the possibilities to predict stable pit growth from electrochemical noise measurements are examined. To this end, the behavior of AISI type 304 stainless steel in chloride solutions has been studied. It is confirmed that the electrode capacitance plays a major role in fluctuations of the corrosion potential during metastable growth. This means that the size of these potential fluctuations depends primarily on the size of metastable pits and not on the peak current nor the current density during growth; this means that fluctuations in electrode potential will have little value to predict stable pitting. Electrochemical current noise from twin-electrode noise probes holds more promise. However, it is shown that the direct relationship between electrochemical current noise and pitting susceptibility breaks down when the pitting behavior is altered by a change in surface condition (heat tinting).

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Pretoria (South Africa). Dept. of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
490809
Report Number(s):
CONF-9405117-
ISBN 0-8031-2032-X; TRN: IM9729%%60
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1. international symposium on electrochemical noise measurements for corrosion applications, Montreal (Canada), 15-16 May 1997; Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Electrochemical noise measurement for corrosion applications; Kearns, J.R. [ed.] [Alcoa Technical Center, Alcoa Center, PA (United States)]; Scully, J.R. [ed.] [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)]; Roberge, P.R. [ed.] [Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario (Canada)]; Reichert, D.L. [ed.] [DuPont Experimental Station, Wilmington, DE (United States)]; Dawson, J.L. [ed.] [CAPCIS Ltd., Manchester (United Kingdom)]; PB: 471 p.; ASTM special technical publication, 1277
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; PITTING CORROSION; ELECTRICAL TESTING; STAINLESS STEELS; CHLORIDES; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; FLUCTUATIONS; CAPACITANCE; ELECTRODES; CURRENT DENSITY

Citation Formats

Pistorius, P C. The effect of some fundamental aspects of the pitting corrosion of stainless steel on electrochemical noise measurements. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Pistorius, P C. The effect of some fundamental aspects of the pitting corrosion of stainless steel on electrochemical noise measurements. United States.
Pistorius, P C. 1996. "The effect of some fundamental aspects of the pitting corrosion of stainless steel on electrochemical noise measurements". United States.
@article{osti_490809,
title = {The effect of some fundamental aspects of the pitting corrosion of stainless steel on electrochemical noise measurements},
author = {Pistorius, P C},
abstractNote = {Features of metastable pit growth on stainless steel that affect the possibilities to predict stable pit growth from electrochemical noise measurements are examined. To this end, the behavior of AISI type 304 stainless steel in chloride solutions has been studied. It is confirmed that the electrode capacitance plays a major role in fluctuations of the corrosion potential during metastable growth. This means that the size of these potential fluctuations depends primarily on the size of metastable pits and not on the peak current nor the current density during growth; this means that fluctuations in electrode potential will have little value to predict stable pitting. Electrochemical current noise from twin-electrode noise probes holds more promise. However, it is shown that the direct relationship between electrochemical current noise and pitting susceptibility breaks down when the pitting behavior is altered by a change in surface condition (heat tinting).},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/490809}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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