```
Chivers, T.C.
```*Assessments of fluid friction factors for use in leak rate calculations*. United States: N. p., 1997.
Web.

```
Chivers, T.C.
```*Assessments of fluid friction factors for use in leak rate calculations*. United States.

```
Chivers, T.C. 1997.
"Assessments of fluid friction factors for use in leak rate calculations". United States.
doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/489328.
```

```
@article{osti_489328,
```

title = {Assessments of fluid friction factors for use in leak rate calculations},

author = {Chivers, T.C.},

abstractNote = {Leak before Break procedures require estimates of leakage, and these in turn need fluid friction to be assessed. In this paper available data on flow rates through idealized and real crack geometries are reviewed in terms of a single friction factor k It is shown that for {lambda} < 1 flow rates can be bounded using correlations in terms of surface R{sub a} values. For {lambda} > 1 the database is less precise, but {lambda} {approx} 4 is an upper bound, hence in this region flow calculations can be assessed using 1 < {lambda} < 4.},

doi = {},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = 1997,

month = 4

}