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Title: Proposed inductive voltage adder based accelerator concepts for the second axis of DARHT

Abstract

As participants in the Technology Options Study for the second axis of the Dual Axis Radiographic HydroTest (DARHT) facility located at Los Alamos National Laboratories, the authors have considered several accelerator concepts based on the Inductive Voltage Adder (IVA) technology that is being used successfully at Sandia on the SABRE and HERMES-III facilities. The challenging accelerator design requirements for the IVA approach include: {ge}12-MeV beam energy; {approximately}60-ns electrical pulse width; {le}40-kA electron beam current; {approximately}1-mm diameter e-beam; four pulses on the same axis or as close as possible to that axis; and an architecture that fits within the existing building envelope. To satisfy these requirements the IVA concepts take a modular approach. The basic idea is built upon a conservative design for eight ferromagnetically isolated 2-MV cavities that are driven by two 3 to 4-{Omega} water dielectric pulse forming lines (PFLs) synchronized with laser triggered gas switches. The 100-{Omega} vacuum magnetically insulated transmission line (MITL) would taper to a needle cathode that produces the electron beam(s). After considering many concepts the authors narrowed their study to the following options: (A) Four independent single pulse drivers powering four single pulse diodes; (B) Four series adders with interleaved cavities feeding a commonmore » MITL and diode; (C) Four stages of series PFLs, isolated from each other by triggered spark gap switches, with single-point feeds to a common adder, MITL, and diode; and (D) Isolated PFLs with multiple-feeds to a common adder using spark gap switches in combination with saturable magnetic cores to isolate the non-energized lines. The authors will discuss these options in greater detail identifying the challenges and risks associated with each.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
486008
Report Number(s):
SAND-97-0070C; CONF-9706113-1
ON: DE97007602; TRN: 97:011371
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 11. IEEE international pulsed power conference, Baltimore, MD (United States), 29 Jun - 2 Jul 1997; Other Information: PBD: 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; HIGH-VOLTAGE PULSE GENERATORS; DESIGN; ACCELERATORS; MAGNETIC INSULATION; ELECTRON BEAMS

Citation Formats

Smith, D L, Johnson, D L, and Boyes, J D. Proposed inductive voltage adder based accelerator concepts for the second axis of DARHT. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Smith, D L, Johnson, D L, & Boyes, J D. Proposed inductive voltage adder based accelerator concepts for the second axis of DARHT. United States.
Smith, D L, Johnson, D L, and Boyes, J D. Sun . "Proposed inductive voltage adder based accelerator concepts for the second axis of DARHT". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/486008.
@article{osti_486008,
title = {Proposed inductive voltage adder based accelerator concepts for the second axis of DARHT},
author = {Smith, D L and Johnson, D L and Boyes, J D},
abstractNote = {As participants in the Technology Options Study for the second axis of the Dual Axis Radiographic HydroTest (DARHT) facility located at Los Alamos National Laboratories, the authors have considered several accelerator concepts based on the Inductive Voltage Adder (IVA) technology that is being used successfully at Sandia on the SABRE and HERMES-III facilities. The challenging accelerator design requirements for the IVA approach include: {ge}12-MeV beam energy; {approximately}60-ns electrical pulse width; {le}40-kA electron beam current; {approximately}1-mm diameter e-beam; four pulses on the same axis or as close as possible to that axis; and an architecture that fits within the existing building envelope. To satisfy these requirements the IVA concepts take a modular approach. The basic idea is built upon a conservative design for eight ferromagnetically isolated 2-MV cavities that are driven by two 3 to 4-{Omega} water dielectric pulse forming lines (PFLs) synchronized with laser triggered gas switches. The 100-{Omega} vacuum magnetically insulated transmission line (MITL) would taper to a needle cathode that produces the electron beam(s). After considering many concepts the authors narrowed their study to the following options: (A) Four independent single pulse drivers powering four single pulse diodes; (B) Four series adders with interleaved cavities feeding a common MITL and diode; (C) Four stages of series PFLs, isolated from each other by triggered spark gap switches, with single-point feeds to a common adder, MITL, and diode; and (D) Isolated PFLs with multiple-feeds to a common adder using spark gap switches in combination with saturable magnetic cores to isolate the non-energized lines. The authors will discuss these options in greater detail identifying the challenges and risks associated with each.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/486008}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
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