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Title: NUCLEAR BATTERY-THERMOCOUPLE TYPE SUMMARY REPORT

Abstract

The potential usefulness of approximately 1300 radioactive isotopes as a heat source for the thermoelectric generator was investigated. Only 47 were found to have the proper characteristics of high specific activity and usable haif-life combined with an easily absorbable radiation. These isotopes are discussed showing possible sources of supply, the hazards involved, and the expected performance. Three large Po/sup 210/ heat sources were designed and constructed (for battery use), including one for the SNAP III generator. One small Tl/sup 204/ test heat source was made by irradiation. Eight thermoelectric generators were developed and two of these were used as thermoelectric batteries. Theoretical equations for non-semiconductor thermoelectric materials and experimental measurements to verify the Thompson and Peltier effects are given. (auth)

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Mound Lab., Miamisburg, Ohio
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
4807049
Report Number(s):
MLM-1127
NSA Number:
NSA-16-011995
DOE Contract Number:  
AT(33-1)-GEN-53; R-65-8-99811-SC-03-91
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-62
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF ISOTOPES AND RADIATIONS; BATTERIES; GENERATORS; HALF-LIFE; HEATING; IRRADIATION; MATHEMATICS; MEASURED VALUES; PELTIER EFFECT; POLONIUM 210; RADIOISOTOPES; TESTING; THALLIUM 204; THERMOCOUPLES; THERMOELECTRICITY; THOMSON EFFECT; USES; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems

Citation Formats

Blanke, B.C., Birden, J.H., Jordan, K.C., and Murphy, E.L. NUCLEAR BATTERY-THERMOCOUPLE TYPE SUMMARY REPORT. United States: N. p., 1960. Web. doi:10.2172/4807049.
Blanke, B.C., Birden, J.H., Jordan, K.C., & Murphy, E.L. NUCLEAR BATTERY-THERMOCOUPLE TYPE SUMMARY REPORT. United States. doi:10.2172/4807049.
Blanke, B.C., Birden, J.H., Jordan, K.C., and Murphy, E.L. Sat . "NUCLEAR BATTERY-THERMOCOUPLE TYPE SUMMARY REPORT". United States. doi:10.2172/4807049. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4807049.
@article{osti_4807049,
title = {NUCLEAR BATTERY-THERMOCOUPLE TYPE SUMMARY REPORT},
author = {Blanke, B.C. and Birden, J.H. and Jordan, K.C. and Murphy, E.L.},
abstractNote = {The potential usefulness of approximately 1300 radioactive isotopes as a heat source for the thermoelectric generator was investigated. Only 47 were found to have the proper characteristics of high specific activity and usable haif-life combined with an easily absorbable radiation. These isotopes are discussed showing possible sources of supply, the hazards involved, and the expected performance. Three large Po/sup 210/ heat sources were designed and constructed (for battery use), including one for the SNAP III generator. One small Tl/sup 204/ test heat source was made by irradiation. Eight thermoelectric generators were developed and two of these were used as thermoelectric batteries. Theoretical equations for non-semiconductor thermoelectric materials and experimental measurements to verify the Thompson and Peltier effects are given. (auth)},
doi = {10.2172/4807049},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1960},
month = {10}
}