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Title: The toxicity of refrigerants

Abstract

This paper presents toxicity data and exposure limits for refrigerants. The data address both acute (short-term, single exposure) and chronic (long-term, repeated exposure) effects, with emphasis on the former. The refrigerants covered include those in common use for the last decade, those used as components in alternatives, and selected candidates for future replacements. The paper also reviews the toxicity indicators used in both safety standards and building, mechanical, and fire codes. It then outlines current classification methods for refrigerant safety and relates them to standard and code usage.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Calm (James M.), Arlington, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Inst., Arlington, VA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
459965
Report Number(s):
DOE/CE/23810-72E; CONF-960709-4
ON: DE96013992
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-91CE23810
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Purdue international compressor engineering conference, West Lafayette, IN (United States), 21-26 Jul 1996; Other Information: PBD: Jul 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; REFRIGERANTS; TOXICITY; PERFORMANCE; SAFETY

Citation Formats

Calm, J.M. The toxicity of refrigerants. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Calm, J.M. The toxicity of refrigerants. United States.
Calm, J.M. Mon . "The toxicity of refrigerants". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/459965.
@article{osti_459965,
title = {The toxicity of refrigerants},
author = {Calm, J.M.},
abstractNote = {This paper presents toxicity data and exposure limits for refrigerants. The data address both acute (short-term, single exposure) and chronic (long-term, repeated exposure) effects, with emphasis on the former. The refrigerants covered include those in common use for the last decade, those used as components in alternatives, and selected candidates for future replacements. The paper also reviews the toxicity indicators used in both safety standards and building, mechanical, and fire codes. It then outlines current classification methods for refrigerant safety and relates them to standard and code usage.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 1996},
month = {Mon Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 1996}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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