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Title: Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications

Abstract

The ocean plays an important role in regulating the earth`s climate, sustains a large portion of the earth`s biodiversity, is a tremendous reservoir of commercially important substances, and is used for a variety of often conflicting purposes. In recent decades marine scientists have discovered much about the ocean and its organisms, yet many important fundamental questions remain unanswered. Human populations have increased, particularly in coastal regions. As a result, the marine environment in these areas is increasingly disrupted by human activities, including pollution and the depletion of some ecologically and commercially important species. There is a sense of urgency about reducing human impacts on the ocean and a need to understand how altered ecosystems and the loss of marine species and biodiversity could affect society. During the past two decades, the development of sophisticated technologies and instruments for biomedical research has resulted in significant advances in the biological sciences. While some of these technologies have been readily incorporated into the study of marine organisms as models for understanding basic biology, the value of molecular techniques for addressing problems in marine biology and biological oceanography has only recently begun to be appreciated. This report defines critical scientific questions in marine biologymore » and biological oceanography, describes the molecular technologies that could be used to answer these questions, and discusses some of the implications and economic opportunities that might result from this research which could potentially improve the international competitive position of the United States in the rapidly growing area of marine biotechnology. The committee recommends that the federal government provide the infrastructure necessary to use the techniques of molecular biology in the marine sciences.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States). Committee on Molecular Marine Biology
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States); Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
45634
Report Number(s):
DOE/ER/61093-T1
CNN: Contract No. N00014-91-J-1342; TRN: 95:003712
DOE Contract Number:  
FG05-90ER61093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; WATER QUALITY; SPECIES DIVERSITY; OCEANOGRAPHY; WATER POLLUTION; RECOMMENDATIONS; CLIMATIC CHANGE; TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION; BIOTECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

. Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
. Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications. United States.
. Sat . "Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications". United States.
@article{osti_45634,
title = {Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications},
author = {},
abstractNote = {The ocean plays an important role in regulating the earth`s climate, sustains a large portion of the earth`s biodiversity, is a tremendous reservoir of commercially important substances, and is used for a variety of often conflicting purposes. In recent decades marine scientists have discovered much about the ocean and its organisms, yet many important fundamental questions remain unanswered. Human populations have increased, particularly in coastal regions. As a result, the marine environment in these areas is increasingly disrupted by human activities, including pollution and the depletion of some ecologically and commercially important species. There is a sense of urgency about reducing human impacts on the ocean and a need to understand how altered ecosystems and the loss of marine species and biodiversity could affect society. During the past two decades, the development of sophisticated technologies and instruments for biomedical research has resulted in significant advances in the biological sciences. While some of these technologies have been readily incorporated into the study of marine organisms as models for understanding basic biology, the value of molecular techniques for addressing problems in marine biology and biological oceanography has only recently begun to be appreciated. This report defines critical scientific questions in marine biology and biological oceanography, describes the molecular technologies that could be used to answer these questions, and discusses some of the implications and economic opportunities that might result from this research which could potentially improve the international competitive position of the United States in the rapidly growing area of marine biotechnology. The committee recommends that the federal government provide the infrastructure necessary to use the techniques of molecular biology in the marine sciences.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {12}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
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