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Title: Ohio Coal Research Consortium fifth year final reports summary, September 1, 1994--February 29, 1996

Abstract

As part of its efforts to improve the use of high-sulfur Ohio coal within environmental limits, the Ohio Coal Development Office, an entity within the Ohio Department of Development (OCDO/ODOD), in late 1988 established a consortium of four Ohio universities. The purpose of the Ohio Coal Research Consortium is to conduct a multi-year fundamental research programs focused on: (1) the enhancement or development of dry sorption processes for the economical removal of high levels of SO{sub 2} and other pollutants, and (2) an increased understanding of methods for reduction in air toxics emissions from combustion gases produced by burning high-sulfur Ohio coal. This report contains summaries of eleven studies in these areas.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ohio Coal Development Office, Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Ohio State Government, Columbus, OH (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
442052
Report Number(s):
OCDO--97001491
ON: TI97001491
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Dec 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; FLUE GAS; DESULFURIZATION; DEMETALLIZATION; OHIO; EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES; COORDINATED RESEARCH PROGRAMS; COAL; PROGRESS REPORT

Citation Formats

NONE. Ohio Coal Research Consortium fifth year final reports summary, September 1, 1994--February 29, 1996. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.2172/442052.
NONE. Ohio Coal Research Consortium fifth year final reports summary, September 1, 1994--February 29, 1996. United States. doi:10.2172/442052.
NONE. 1996. "Ohio Coal Research Consortium fifth year final reports summary, September 1, 1994--February 29, 1996". United States. doi:10.2172/442052. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/442052.
@article{osti_442052,
title = {Ohio Coal Research Consortium fifth year final reports summary, September 1, 1994--February 29, 1996},
author = {NONE},
abstractNote = {As part of its efforts to improve the use of high-sulfur Ohio coal within environmental limits, the Ohio Coal Development Office, an entity within the Ohio Department of Development (OCDO/ODOD), in late 1988 established a consortium of four Ohio universities. The purpose of the Ohio Coal Research Consortium is to conduct a multi-year fundamental research programs focused on: (1) the enhancement or development of dry sorption processes for the economical removal of high levels of SO{sub 2} and other pollutants, and (2) an increased understanding of methods for reduction in air toxics emissions from combustion gases produced by burning high-sulfur Ohio coal. This report contains summaries of eleven studies in these areas.},
doi = {10.2172/442052},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1996,
month =
}

Technical Report:

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  • As a part of its efforts to improve the use of high-sulfur Ohio coal within environmental limits, the Ohio Coal Development Office, an entity within the Ohio Department of Development (OCDO/ODOD), in late 1988 established a consortium of four Ohio universities. The purpose of the Ohio Coal Research Consortium is to conduct a multi-year fundamental research program focused on (1) the enhancement or development of dry sorption processes for the economical removal of high levels of SO{sub 2} and other pollutants and (2) an increased understanding of methods for reduction in air toxics emissions from combustion gases produced by burningmore » high-sulfur Ohio coal. This report contains summaries of twelve studies in these areas.« less
  • Summaries of energy efficiency and renewable energy projects in residential buildings and community units are described. Projects were concerned with energy efficient appliances, energy efficient mortgages, a neighborhood conservation power program, a utility and industrial/commercial governments energy efficiency unit, photovoltaics for municipal uses, integration of demand side management incentives, energy efficient motors, and the transportation sector.
  • The objective of this project was to characterize metallic emissions from representative coals and develop strategies for their control. A technique for flue gas desulfurization is the use of calcium based sorbents, and the degree of metals capture of these sorbents under different conditions will be researched. The objective of the first year of the study was to understand the evolution of metallic aerosol size distributions and the capture characteristics of various sorbents. Also, the metallic emissions resulting from the combustion of two seams of Ohio coals were to be characterized. Studies on the evolution of the metallic aerosol sizemore » distributions have been completed and the use of silicon and calcium based sorbents for capture of lead species has been examined. Co-injection of metallic compounds along with organometallic silicon indicated a high degree of capture of lead in a certain temperature region. Preliminary results with calcium based sorbents also indicate capture of metallic species. In the second year, the work was extended to examine three different aspects: (1) understanding the mechanisms of capture of metals by vapor phase sorbents; (2) role of chlorine in speciation of metals and its importance in metals capture; and (3) capture of mercury by aerosol transformation. It was established that aerosol formation rates for Hg species is rather slow under typical combustion conditions, and hence would not be an effective way of capture of mercury. However, the use of titania based sorbents have provided exciting results. This is being developed further for effective capture of Hg species in combustion environments. Several theoretical investigations were also carried out to better understand and predict trace metal behavior in combustion environments. Publications and conference presentations resulting from work this year is listed.« less
  • The main objective of this project was to conduct intensive research and development of the Coal Log Pipeline (CLP). Specifically, the R & D was to concentrate on previously neglected and insufficiently studied aspects of CLP which were deemed significant. With improvements in these areas, CLP could be implemented for commercial use within five years. CLP technology is capable of transporting coal logs for long distances. The many potential advantages of CLP over truck and railroad transportation include: lower freight costs, less energy consumption, less air pollution, decreased environmental problems, increased safety, and improved reliability. Previous studies have shown thatmore » CLP is advantageous over slurry pipeline technology. First, CLP uses one-third the water required by a coal slurry pipeline. Second, CLP provides easier coal dewatering. Third, the CLP conveying capacity of coal is twice as much as a slurry transport line of equal diameter. In many situations, the cost for transporting each ton of coal is expected to be less expensive by CLP as compared to other competing modes of transportation such as: truck, unit train and slurry pipeline.« less
  • This report, in two volumes, contains records for water discharge at 120 gaging stations, 20 partial-record sites; water levels at 258 observation wells; 22 crest stage gages; water quality at 13 gaging stations, 340 observation wells, and 18 partial record sites. Also included are data from miscellaneous and synoptic sites.