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Title: Environmental hazards

Abstract

The relationship of environmental factors to human health is reviewed with emphasis on hazards resulting from technological advancements, including radiation, chemical pollutants, and noise. It is pointed out that man has always been exposed to radiation from natural sources in his environment but that the rapidly expanding use of ionizing and nonionizing radiations for diagnostic medical procedures, power development, weapons manufacture and testing, and communications has greatly increased his exposure. In the USA it is estimated that 45% of the annual radiation dose to man is from natural sources, 45% is from medical exposures, and that other sources, including fallout, luminous watch dials, and television screens account for the rest. The potential hazards from the development of the nuclear power industry, with the possibility of release of radioactive wastes from reactors, fuel reprocessing plants, and waste storage areas are considered briefly. It is emphasized that the development of radiation protection standards has led to the control of radiation hazards by the nuclear industry and in military applications of nuclear energy and that the control of hazards during medical uses of x radiation and radioisotopes for diagnosis purposes has received critical attention from the medical profession during the past few years.more » It is suggested that additional research is needed in the fields of the genetic effects of radiation, radiation effects on developing fetuses resulting from diagnostic exposure of the pregnant mother, and radiation problems related to tritium release to the environment.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Originating Research Org. not identified
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
4395256
NSA Number:
NSA-29-000662
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Federation Proceedings. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0014-9446
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; *HUMAN POPULATIONS- HEALTH HAZARDS; *MAN- RADIATION HAZARDS; AIR POLLUTION; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; ENVIRONMENT; FALLOUT; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; LAND POLLUTION; NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY; NOISE; NUCLEAR INDUSTRY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATIONS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPE SCANNING; SAFETY STANDARDS; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WATER POLLUTION

Citation Formats

Hanlon, John J. Environmental hazards. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 1972. Web.
Hanlon, John J. Environmental hazards. Country unknown/Code not available.
Hanlon, John J. 1972. "Environmental hazards". Country unknown/Code not available.
@article{osti_4395256,
title = {Environmental hazards},
author = {Hanlon, John J.},
abstractNote = {The relationship of environmental factors to human health is reviewed with emphasis on hazards resulting from technological advancements, including radiation, chemical pollutants, and noise. It is pointed out that man has always been exposed to radiation from natural sources in his environment but that the rapidly expanding use of ionizing and nonionizing radiations for diagnostic medical procedures, power development, weapons manufacture and testing, and communications has greatly increased his exposure. In the USA it is estimated that 45% of the annual radiation dose to man is from natural sources, 45% is from medical exposures, and that other sources, including fallout, luminous watch dials, and television screens account for the rest. The potential hazards from the development of the nuclear power industry, with the possibility of release of radioactive wastes from reactors, fuel reprocessing plants, and waste storage areas are considered briefly. It is emphasized that the development of radiation protection standards has led to the control of radiation hazards by the nuclear industry and in military applications of nuclear energy and that the control of hazards during medical uses of x radiation and radioisotopes for diagnosis purposes has received critical attention from the medical profession during the past few years. It is suggested that additional research is needed in the fields of the genetic effects of radiation, radiation effects on developing fetuses resulting from diagnostic exposure of the pregnant mother, and radiation problems related to tritium release to the environment.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/4395256}, journal = {Federation Proceedings. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology},
issn = {0014-9446},
number = 6,
volume = 31,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {1972},
month = {1}
}