skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Applications of salinity gradient solar technologies in the Southwest -- An overview

Abstract

This paper is an overview of recent applications of salinity gradient solar technologies (SGST) in the Southwest and especially in the State of Texas. SGST is a generic title for using a salinity gradient in a body of water to suppress convection and collect solar energy for a desired application, for example, salinity gradient solar ponds. Following initial work in the early 1980s at the El Paso Solar Pond project and funding of the Texas Solar Pond Consortium by the State of Texas and the Bureau of Reclamation, several applications involving the use of salinity gradient solar technologies have emerged. These applications include a biomass waste to energy project using heat from a solar pond at Bruce Foods Corporation; an industrial process heat application for sodium sulfate mining near Seagraves, Texas; overwintering thermal refuges for mariculture in Palacios, Texas; a potential salt management project on the Brazos River near Abilene, Texas; and use of solar ponds for brine disposal at a water desalting project in a small colonia east of El Paso. This paper discusses salinity gradient solar technology requirements and the abundance of resources available in Texas and the Southwest which makes this an attractive location for the commercialmore » development of salinity gradient projects. Barriers to development as well as catalysts are discussed before a brief overview of the projects listed above is provided.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
438655
Report Number(s):
CONF-9603117-
ISBN 0-7918-1765-2; TRN: IM9711%%116
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1996 American Society of Mechanical Engineers international solar energy conference, San Antonio, TX (United States), 31 Mar - 3 Apr 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Solar engineering 1996; Davidson, J.H. [ed.] [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)]; Chavez, J. [ed.] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)]; PB: 544 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR PONDS; USA; TEXAS; SALINITY GRADIENTS; INSOLATION; WATER RESOURCES; SALT DEPOSITS; BIOMASS; SODIUM SULFATES; AQUACULTURE; DESALINATION; ECONOMICS

Citation Formats

Swift, A.H.P., and Lu, H. Applications of salinity gradient solar technologies in the Southwest -- An overview. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Swift, A.H.P., & Lu, H. Applications of salinity gradient solar technologies in the Southwest -- An overview. United States.
Swift, A.H.P., and Lu, H. Tue . "Applications of salinity gradient solar technologies in the Southwest -- An overview". United States.
@article{osti_438655,
title = {Applications of salinity gradient solar technologies in the Southwest -- An overview},
author = {Swift, A.H.P. and Lu, H.},
abstractNote = {This paper is an overview of recent applications of salinity gradient solar technologies (SGST) in the Southwest and especially in the State of Texas. SGST is a generic title for using a salinity gradient in a body of water to suppress convection and collect solar energy for a desired application, for example, salinity gradient solar ponds. Following initial work in the early 1980s at the El Paso Solar Pond project and funding of the Texas Solar Pond Consortium by the State of Texas and the Bureau of Reclamation, several applications involving the use of salinity gradient solar technologies have emerged. These applications include a biomass waste to energy project using heat from a solar pond at Bruce Foods Corporation; an industrial process heat application for sodium sulfate mining near Seagraves, Texas; overwintering thermal refuges for mariculture in Palacios, Texas; a potential salt management project on the Brazos River near Abilene, Texas; and use of solar ponds for brine disposal at a water desalting project in a small colonia east of El Paso. This paper discusses salinity gradient solar technology requirements and the abundance of resources available in Texas and the Southwest which makes this an attractive location for the commercial development of salinity gradient projects. Barriers to development as well as catalysts are discussed before a brief overview of the projects listed above is provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: