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Title: Investigation of the electronic properties and morphology of conducting polymer electrodes for engineering applications

Abstract

We evaluate the performance of the conducting polymers, polyaniline (PAni) and poly-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-thiophene (PFPT), as the active material in electrochemical capacitors. Using scanning electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry, the morphology and charge/discharge characteristics of the as-grown polymers were studied under different electrochemical conditions. When electropolymerized at high current densities in aqueous acid solution, PAni exhibits a morphology consisting of a network of interwoven fibrils. It was shown that layers of this PAni network can be electropolymerized onto a thin-planar metal substrate resulting in a decrease in cathodic and anodic peak separations, improving charge/discharge reversibility. A continuous PAni network will make possible a decreases in the total weight of the electrodes with respect to those electrodes grown onto a fibrous carbon substrate of high surface area and high porosity. The effect of different growth electrolytes on the charge/discharge process was also characterized. Hydrochloric acid electrolyte provided an optimum polymer deposition, with respect to morphology and capacitive performance. PFPT films were grown from a solution in a non-aqueous solution. High growth current densities affected the performance of PFPT polymer films in a positive manner. A growth rate of 20 mA/cm{sup 2} not only provided an increase in charge storage, but in the amountmore » of polymer deposited when compared to equivalent amounts deposited at 1 mA/cm{sup 2}. The morphology of the deposited conducting polymer is shown to be one of the most important characteristics in the attempt to achieve an ideal electrochemical capacitor electrode. The polymer morphology directly affects the charge/discharge process because of the strong interaction between ionic conductivity in the electrolyte and the electronic conductivity of the polymer. Cyclic-dependent degradation of the PFPT films was observed.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. San Jose State Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Engineering
  2. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
437778
Report Number(s):
LA-SUB-95-34
ON: DE97002443
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Feb 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
40 CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CAPACITORS; ELECTRODES; ORGANIC POLYMERS; MORPHOLOGY; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ANILINE; ORGANIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VOLTAMETRY; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTROLYTES

Citation Formats

Landeros, J Jr, Pizzo, P, Cantow, M, and Uribe, F. Investigation of the electronic properties and morphology of conducting polymer electrodes for engineering applications. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/437778.
Landeros, J Jr, Pizzo, P, Cantow, M, & Uribe, F. Investigation of the electronic properties and morphology of conducting polymer electrodes for engineering applications. United States. doi:10.2172/437778.
Landeros, J Jr, Pizzo, P, Cantow, M, and Uribe, F. Wed . "Investigation of the electronic properties and morphology of conducting polymer electrodes for engineering applications". United States. doi:10.2172/437778. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/437778.
@article{osti_437778,
title = {Investigation of the electronic properties and morphology of conducting polymer electrodes for engineering applications},
author = {Landeros, J Jr and Pizzo, P and Cantow, M and Uribe, F},
abstractNote = {We evaluate the performance of the conducting polymers, polyaniline (PAni) and poly-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-thiophene (PFPT), as the active material in electrochemical capacitors. Using scanning electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry, the morphology and charge/discharge characteristics of the as-grown polymers were studied under different electrochemical conditions. When electropolymerized at high current densities in aqueous acid solution, PAni exhibits a morphology consisting of a network of interwoven fibrils. It was shown that layers of this PAni network can be electropolymerized onto a thin-planar metal substrate resulting in a decrease in cathodic and anodic peak separations, improving charge/discharge reversibility. A continuous PAni network will make possible a decreases in the total weight of the electrodes with respect to those electrodes grown onto a fibrous carbon substrate of high surface area and high porosity. The effect of different growth electrolytes on the charge/discharge process was also characterized. Hydrochloric acid electrolyte provided an optimum polymer deposition, with respect to morphology and capacitive performance. PFPT films were grown from a solution in a non-aqueous solution. High growth current densities affected the performance of PFPT polymer films in a positive manner. A growth rate of 20 mA/cm{sup 2} not only provided an increase in charge storage, but in the amount of polymer deposited when compared to equivalent amounts deposited at 1 mA/cm{sup 2}. The morphology of the deposited conducting polymer is shown to be one of the most important characteristics in the attempt to achieve an ideal electrochemical capacitor electrode. The polymer morphology directly affects the charge/discharge process because of the strong interaction between ionic conductivity in the electrolyte and the electronic conductivity of the polymer. Cyclic-dependent degradation of the PFPT films was observed.},
doi = {10.2172/437778},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {2}
}