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Title: Integrated bandpass filter contacts for radioisotope thermophotovoltaic cells

Abstract

Smaller spacecraft deployed on deep space missions will require improved electrical power generation efficiency above that which is presently available from radioisotope powered thermoelectric devices. Low bandgap thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices, when used in conjunction with spectrally modified or filtered emitters, offer the promise of 4 to 5 times efficiency improvement. Integrating spectral filters into PV cell contacts can further improve the efficiency of TPV systems. An inductively resonant mesh metal film filter deposited directly on the surface of the TPV cell can serve as both a bandpass filter to modify the emitted radiant energy spectrum and as a shadowless, low-resistivity electrical contact to the cell. By significantly reducing traditional grid shadow losses, junction sheet resistance losses, and grid series resistance losses, the overall TPV system efficiency can be improved by 10% to 16% depending on the TPV cell operating current density and design geometry. These innovative contacts become even more beneficial in Earth based applications where very high operating current densities are required by economics. With the availability of these low-loss TPV devices at appropriate unit costs, they can find uses in such commercial TPV technologies as self-powered gas furnaces and water heaters, and Earth-based solar concentrator TPV systems.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. EDTEK Inc., Kent, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
435552
Report Number(s):
CONF-960805-
TRN: IM9710%%210
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 31. intersociety energy conversion engineering conference, Washington, DC (United States), 9-14 Aug 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 31. intersociety energy conversion engineering conference. Volume 2: Conversion technologies, electro-chemical technologies, Stirling engines, thermal management; Chetty, P.R.K.; Jackson, W.D.; Dicks, E.B. [eds.]; PB: 867 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; THERMOPHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERTERS; ELECTRIC CONTACTS; RADIOISOTOPE HEAT SOURCES; FILTERS; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; SPECTRALLY SELECTIVE SURFACES; DESIGN; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems

Citation Formats

Horne, W E, Morgan, M D, and Sundaram, V S. Integrated bandpass filter contacts for radioisotope thermophotovoltaic cells. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Horne, W E, Morgan, M D, & Sundaram, V S. Integrated bandpass filter contacts for radioisotope thermophotovoltaic cells. United States.
Horne, W E, Morgan, M D, and Sundaram, V S. Tue . "Integrated bandpass filter contacts for radioisotope thermophotovoltaic cells". United States.
@article{osti_435552,
title = {Integrated bandpass filter contacts for radioisotope thermophotovoltaic cells},
author = {Horne, W E and Morgan, M D and Sundaram, V S},
abstractNote = {Smaller spacecraft deployed on deep space missions will require improved electrical power generation efficiency above that which is presently available from radioisotope powered thermoelectric devices. Low bandgap thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices, when used in conjunction with spectrally modified or filtered emitters, offer the promise of 4 to 5 times efficiency improvement. Integrating spectral filters into PV cell contacts can further improve the efficiency of TPV systems. An inductively resonant mesh metal film filter deposited directly on the surface of the TPV cell can serve as both a bandpass filter to modify the emitted radiant energy spectrum and as a shadowless, low-resistivity electrical contact to the cell. By significantly reducing traditional grid shadow losses, junction sheet resistance losses, and grid series resistance losses, the overall TPV system efficiency can be improved by 10% to 16% depending on the TPV cell operating current density and design geometry. These innovative contacts become even more beneficial in Earth based applications where very high operating current densities are required by economics. With the availability of these low-loss TPV devices at appropriate unit costs, they can find uses in such commercial TPV technologies as self-powered gas furnaces and water heaters, and Earth-based solar concentrator TPV systems.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/435552}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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