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Title: Production of vapor grown carbon fiber with coal fines without SO{sub 2} emissions

Abstract

Each year millions of tons of low-cost hydrocarbons in the form of coal fines are impounded. One potential application would be utilization in a unique process capable of converting the carbon into a highly graphitic vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF). This process currently produces vapor-grown carbon fiber from the vapor phase using natural gas, hydrogen sulfide and iron particles. The iron particles initiate the growth of the carbon fibers while the hydrogen sulfide enhances the yield, allowing the process to be economically feasible. Previous demonstrations involving pulverized coal have proven that coal can be used as an alternative source of carbon and sulfur in the production of VGCF. Furthermore, there is evidence that the sulfur from the coal remains with the carbon fiber catalyst during the reaction and does not exhaust as SO{sub 2} into the atmosphere. It is the object of this research to determine if coal fines pulverized to -325 mesh are also a viable source of carbon and sulfur for VGCF production.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Applied Sciences, Inc., Cedarville, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
433149
Report Number(s):
CONF-960376-
Journal ID: ACFPAI; ISSN 0569-3772; TRN: 97:000008-0070
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-95ER81926
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Preprints of Papers, American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Spring national meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), New Orleans, LA (United States), 24-28 Mar 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CARBON FIBERS; PRODUCTION; COAL FINES; COST; IRON; SULFUR; EFFICIENCY

Citation Formats

Burton, D, Lake, M, and Alig, R. Production of vapor grown carbon fiber with coal fines without SO{sub 2} emissions. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Burton, D, Lake, M, & Alig, R. Production of vapor grown carbon fiber with coal fines without SO{sub 2} emissions. United States.
Burton, D, Lake, M, and Alig, R. Tue . "Production of vapor grown carbon fiber with coal fines without SO{sub 2} emissions". United States.
@article{osti_433149,
title = {Production of vapor grown carbon fiber with coal fines without SO{sub 2} emissions},
author = {Burton, D and Lake, M and Alig, R},
abstractNote = {Each year millions of tons of low-cost hydrocarbons in the form of coal fines are impounded. One potential application would be utilization in a unique process capable of converting the carbon into a highly graphitic vapor-grown carbon fiber (VGCF). This process currently produces vapor-grown carbon fiber from the vapor phase using natural gas, hydrogen sulfide and iron particles. The iron particles initiate the growth of the carbon fibers while the hydrogen sulfide enhances the yield, allowing the process to be economically feasible. Previous demonstrations involving pulverized coal have proven that coal can be used as an alternative source of carbon and sulfur in the production of VGCF. Furthermore, there is evidence that the sulfur from the coal remains with the carbon fiber catalyst during the reaction and does not exhaust as SO{sub 2} into the atmosphere. It is the object of this research to determine if coal fines pulverized to -325 mesh are also a viable source of carbon and sulfur for VGCF production.},
doi = {},
journal = {Preprints of Papers, American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry},
number = 1,
volume = 41,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}