skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: UNIFORM AQUEOUS CORROSION OF ALUMINUM--EFFECTS OF VARIOUS IONS

Abstract

The most important variable in water quality on the uniform corrosion of Al was the pH. Solutions of distilled water containing phosphate ions and citrate ions were the only media which showed a definite specific ion effect. Phosphate inhibited the corrosion and citrate increased it. Oxalate ions appeared to increase corrosion, but the effect is not definitely demonstrated by the data. Corrosion was dependent only on pH in tap water, reactor process water, distilled water, and distilled water containing up to 100 ppm of chloride, nitrate, sulfate, bicarbonate, hydrogen peroxide, acetate, arsenate, silicate, dichromate, molybdate, and mixtures of these ions. Solutions of up to 10,000 ppm chloride in distilled water showed no specific ion effect upon uniform Al corrosion. The effects of 0 to 10 ppm of dichromate and phosphate ions were investigated over the range pH 4 to pH 7. Phosphate at 10 ppm inhibited corrosion in solutions containing up to 2 ppm of dichromate, but at 10 ppm dichromate the phosphate does not appear to inhibit corrosion. Also at 10 ppm dichromate, the effect of pH is diminished over the range pH 4 to pH 7. Corrosion rates varied with the flow rates of the test solutions atmore » low flow rates, and were lowest at the lowest flow rates. This effect was attributed to the buildup of aluminate ion conconcentration in the lower flow systems. Short term corrosion tests at 92 deg C revealed major specific ion effects. Minor effects were lost in experimental uncertainties. The inhibiting effect of phosphate under these conditions has been shown to exist over longer exposures at higher temperatures. (auth)« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Electric Co. Hanford Atomic Products Operation, Richland, Wash.
OSTI Identifier:
4312114
Report Number(s):
HW-50133
NSA Number:
NSA-12-000239
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-52
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-58
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
MINERALOGY, METALLURGY, AND CERAMICS; ACETATES; ACIDITY; ALUMINUM; ARSENIC COMPOUNDS; CARBONATES; CHLORIDES; CHROMATES; CITRIC ACID; CORROSION; DISTILLATION; EFFICIENCY; HYDROGEN PEROXIDES; IONS; MOLYBDENUM COMPOUNDS; NITRATES; OXALATES; PHOSPHATES; SILICATES; SOLUTIONS; SULFATES; WATER

Citation Formats

Troutner, V H. UNIFORM AQUEOUS CORROSION OF ALUMINUM--EFFECTS OF VARIOUS IONS. United States: N. p., 1957. Web. doi:10.2172/4312114.
Troutner, V H. UNIFORM AQUEOUS CORROSION OF ALUMINUM--EFFECTS OF VARIOUS IONS. United States. doi:10.2172/4312114.
Troutner, V H. Mon . "UNIFORM AQUEOUS CORROSION OF ALUMINUM--EFFECTS OF VARIOUS IONS". United States. doi:10.2172/4312114. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4312114.
@article{osti_4312114,
title = {UNIFORM AQUEOUS CORROSION OF ALUMINUM--EFFECTS OF VARIOUS IONS},
author = {Troutner, V H},
abstractNote = {The most important variable in water quality on the uniform corrosion of Al was the pH. Solutions of distilled water containing phosphate ions and citrate ions were the only media which showed a definite specific ion effect. Phosphate inhibited the corrosion and citrate increased it. Oxalate ions appeared to increase corrosion, but the effect is not definitely demonstrated by the data. Corrosion was dependent only on pH in tap water, reactor process water, distilled water, and distilled water containing up to 100 ppm of chloride, nitrate, sulfate, bicarbonate, hydrogen peroxide, acetate, arsenate, silicate, dichromate, molybdate, and mixtures of these ions. Solutions of up to 10,000 ppm chloride in distilled water showed no specific ion effect upon uniform Al corrosion. The effects of 0 to 10 ppm of dichromate and phosphate ions were investigated over the range pH 4 to pH 7. Phosphate at 10 ppm inhibited corrosion in solutions containing up to 2 ppm of dichromate, but at 10 ppm dichromate the phosphate does not appear to inhibit corrosion. Also at 10 ppm dichromate, the effect of pH is diminished over the range pH 4 to pH 7. Corrosion rates varied with the flow rates of the test solutions at low flow rates, and were lowest at the lowest flow rates. This effect was attributed to the buildup of aluminate ion conconcentration in the lower flow systems. Short term corrosion tests at 92 deg C revealed major specific ion effects. Minor effects were lost in experimental uncertainties. The inhibiting effect of phosphate under these conditions has been shown to exist over longer exposures at higher temperatures. (auth)},
doi = {10.2172/4312114},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1957},
month = {6}
}