skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) PROJECT TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 24, 1959 TO FEBRUARY 23, 1960

Abstract

< 9 A < 2 6 < 7 4 8 9 6 2 6 equalizing vent valves on air locks 2, 4, and 5 was completed. An evaluation of the failed main coolant pump No. 1-80-F-737 was completed. The design for installing combination ball check and manual stop valves on the boiler water level sight glasses, to prevent the escape of steam should a defective sight glass develop, was completed. The main coolant pumps No. 80 and No. 79 were modified by increasing the radial clearance of the impeller wear ring and by removing the upper labyrinth ring. A design for relocating the cooling water flow orifice 17-J4-17 was completed. Metallurgy: Preliminary data from the Bett 69-1 in-pile thermal conductivity capsules indicate that the thermal conductivity of as-sintered ZrO/sub 2/ 34 wt.% UO/sub 2/ appears to decrease from an initial value of about 1.6 Btu/hr-ft- deg F to about 0.7 Btu/hr-ft- deg F after 17 days irradiation in an estimated perturbed flux of 4 x 10/sup 13/. The thermal conductivities of UO/sub 2/ and BeO 51 wt.% UO/sub 2/ fuel remained unchanged during this time. Examination of the two failed X-3-1 fuel plates and the two failed CR-V-m fuel platesmore » showed that a definite burnup limitation exists for bulk UO/sub 2/i of about 16 x 10/sup 20/ to 21.5 x 10/sup 20/ fissions/cc at which point the fuel increases in volume about 4- -5%. Irradiation of both fine and coarse dis-persions of 28 wt.% UO/sub 2/in BeO to exposures of about 11 x 10/sup 20/ fissions/cc shows this material has very poor dimensional stabllity and poor fission gas retention ability. The fine particles dispersion showed approximately 4.8 times the thickness increase as did the coarse particles. Interim examination of a bulk B/sub 4/ burnable poison plate irradiated in the HB-1 loop to about 60 at.% B/sup 10/ burnup showed a 17% increase in plate thickness. The technical feasibility of fabricating blanket receptacles with full length fuel channels and an integral cover plate by form rolling was established. Hack-pressure-bonding appears to be a suitable means of incorporating void volume in fuel compartments of oxide plates. High density (99% T.D.) and improved microstructure of B/sub 4/C-SiC burnable poisons are achieved when small (2 micron) B/sub 4/C particle size powder is used ia hot pressing compacts. Measurements of the self-diffusion coefficients of uranium in UO/sub 2/ by the method of surface activity decrease were completed. Experiments on the diffusion of Xe/sup 133/ in Core 2--type UO/sup 2/ fuel platelets were completed. Diffusion anaeals carried out at 1000 deg C on samples from the X-3-1 and the 14-28 irradiation tests show that the apparent diffusion coefficient for Kr/sup 85/ incresses considerably with burnup. An average activation energy for thoron emanation in UO/sub 2/ was estimated to be 44 kcal/mole. An initial experiment on the release of helium from slightly irradiated B/sub 4/C at 900 deg C resulted in a diffusion coefficient for helium of 3.5 x 10/sup -8/ Physics: Calculatad values for seed-blanket power sharing as a function of PWR-1 Seed 1 life were compared with measured data obtained from thermal instrumentation at Shippingport. Two-dimensional depletion studies in the PWR-2 "composite cell" geometry were completed for seed assembly configurations having different radial fuel zoning. An eighth core representation is being employed for a two- dimensional depletion calculation of PWR-2. An analysis of the effect on the axial power distribution of the nonuniform temperature distribution in an 8 ft PWR-2 core loaded with 295 kg of U/sup 235/ indicated that local variations in power density of as much as 15% may occur, relative to the distribution that would exist if the axial temperature distribution were uniform. A technique was developed which makes possible an approximately correct description of the neutron capture rate within small rectangular boron wafers in diffusion theory calculations. Seed peaking factors measured in a five-cluster slab of PWR-2 mock- up materials were measured and compared with calculated peaking factors obtained using the nuclear« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Westinghouse Electric Corp. Bettis Atomic Power Lab., Pittsburgh
OSTI Identifier:
4191686
Report Number(s):
WAPD-MRP-84
NSA Number:
NSA-14-013484
DOE Contract Number:  
AT-11-1-GEN-14
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-60
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; ACTIVATION; ADSORPTION; ANNEALING; BERYLLIUM OXIDES; BLANKETS; BONDING; BORON; BORON CARBIDES; BURNUP; CADMIUM; CAPSULES; CAPTURE; COMPACTING; CONFIGURATION; CONTROL ELEMENTS; DEFORMATION; DENSITY; DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; DIFFUSION; DISPERSIONS; DISTRIBUTION; EPITHERMAL NEUTRONS; EQUATIONS; FABRICATION; FAILURES; FISSION PRODUCTS; FLUID FLOW; FLUIDS; FUEL ELEMENTS; GASES; HAFNIUM; HELIUM; HIGH TEMPERATURE; INDIUM; INSTRUMENTS; IRRADIATION; KRYPTON 85; MEASURED VALUES; METALLURGY; METALS; MIXING; NEUTRON FLUX; NEUTRONS; PLATES; POISONING; POWER; POWER PLANTS; PRESSURE; REACTOR CORE; REACTOR FUELING; REACTORS; REMOTE HANDLING; ROLLING

Citation Formats

None. PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) PROJECT TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 24, 1959 TO FEBRUARY 23, 1960. United States: N. p., 1960. Web.
None. PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) PROJECT TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 24, 1959 TO FEBRUARY 23, 1960. United States.
None. Mon . "PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) PROJECT TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 24, 1959 TO FEBRUARY 23, 1960". United States.
@article{osti_4191686,
title = {PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) PROJECT TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD DECEMBER 24, 1959 TO FEBRUARY 23, 1960},
author = {None},
abstractNote = {< 9 A < 2 6 < 7 4 8 9 6 2 6 equalizing vent valves on air locks 2, 4, and 5 was completed. An evaluation of the failed main coolant pump No. 1-80-F-737 was completed. The design for installing combination ball check and manual stop valves on the boiler water level sight glasses, to prevent the escape of steam should a defective sight glass develop, was completed. The main coolant pumps No. 80 and No. 79 were modified by increasing the radial clearance of the impeller wear ring and by removing the upper labyrinth ring. A design for relocating the cooling water flow orifice 17-J4-17 was completed. Metallurgy: Preliminary data from the Bett 69-1 in-pile thermal conductivity capsules indicate that the thermal conductivity of as-sintered ZrO/sub 2/ 34 wt.% UO/sub 2/ appears to decrease from an initial value of about 1.6 Btu/hr-ft- deg F to about 0.7 Btu/hr-ft- deg F after 17 days irradiation in an estimated perturbed flux of 4 x 10/sup 13/. The thermal conductivities of UO/sub 2/ and BeO 51 wt.% UO/sub 2/ fuel remained unchanged during this time. Examination of the two failed X-3-1 fuel plates and the two failed CR-V-m fuel plates showed that a definite burnup limitation exists for bulk UO/sub 2/i of about 16 x 10/sup 20/ to 21.5 x 10/sup 20/ fissions/cc at which point the fuel increases in volume about 4- -5%. Irradiation of both fine and coarse dis-persions of 28 wt.% UO/sub 2/in BeO to exposures of about 11 x 10/sup 20/ fissions/cc shows this material has very poor dimensional stabllity and poor fission gas retention ability. The fine particles dispersion showed approximately 4.8 times the thickness increase as did the coarse particles. Interim examination of a bulk B/sub 4/ burnable poison plate irradiated in the HB-1 loop to about 60 at.% B/sup 10/ burnup showed a 17% increase in plate thickness. The technical feasibility of fabricating blanket receptacles with full length fuel channels and an integral cover plate by form rolling was established. Hack-pressure-bonding appears to be a suitable means of incorporating void volume in fuel compartments of oxide plates. High density (99% T.D.) and improved microstructure of B/sub 4/C-SiC burnable poisons are achieved when small (2 micron) B/sub 4/C particle size powder is used ia hot pressing compacts. Measurements of the self-diffusion coefficients of uranium in UO/sub 2/ by the method of surface activity decrease were completed. Experiments on the diffusion of Xe/sup 133/ in Core 2--type UO/sup 2/ fuel platelets were completed. Diffusion anaeals carried out at 1000 deg C on samples from the X-3-1 and the 14-28 irradiation tests show that the apparent diffusion coefficient for Kr/sup 85/ incresses considerably with burnup. An average activation energy for thoron emanation in UO/sub 2/ was estimated to be 44 kcal/mole. An initial experiment on the release of helium from slightly irradiated B/sub 4/C at 900 deg C resulted in a diffusion coefficient for helium of 3.5 x 10/sup -8/ Physics: Calculatad values for seed-blanket power sharing as a function of PWR-1 Seed 1 life were compared with measured data obtained from thermal instrumentation at Shippingport. Two-dimensional depletion studies in the PWR-2 "composite cell" geometry were completed for seed assembly configurations having different radial fuel zoning. An eighth core representation is being employed for a two- dimensional depletion calculation of PWR-2. An analysis of the effect on the axial power distribution of the nonuniform temperature distribution in an 8 ft PWR-2 core loaded with 295 kg of U/sup 235/ indicated that local variations in power density of as much as 15% may occur, relative to the distribution that would exist if the axial temperature distribution were uniform. A technique was developed which makes possible an approximately correct description of the neutron capture rate within small rectangular boron wafers in diffusion theory calculations. Seed peaking factors measured in a five-cluster slab of PWR-2 mock- up materials were measured and compared with calculated peaking factors obtained using the nuclear},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1960},
month = {10}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share: