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Title: The feasibility of using {sup 129}I to reconstruct {sup 131}I desposition from the Chernobyl reactor accident

Abstract

Radioiodine released to the atmosphere from the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in the spring of 1986 resulted in large-scale thyroid-gland exposure of populations in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. Because of the short half life of {sup 131}I (8.04 d), adequate data on the intensities and patterns of iodine deposition were not collected, especially in the regions where the incidence of childhood-thyroid cancer is now increasing. Results are presented from a feasibility study that show that accelerator-mass-spectrometry measurements of {sup 129}I (half life 16 {times} 10{sup 6}y) in soil can be used to reconstruct {sup 131}I-deposition density and thus help in the thyroid-dosimetry effort that is now urgently needed to support epidemiologic studies of childhood-thyroid cancer in the affected regions. 32refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); and others
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
416469
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Health Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 71; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: PBD: Nov 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; THYROID; RADIATION DOSES; IODINE 129; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; SOILS; CONTAMINATION; CHILDREN; NEOPLASMS; BELARUS; DEPOSITION; DOSIMETRY; HALF-LIFE; UKRAINE; IODINE 131; MASS SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Straume, T, Marchetti, A A, and Anspaugh, L R. The feasibility of using {sup 129}I to reconstruct {sup 131}I desposition from the Chernobyl reactor accident. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.1097/00004032-199611000-00015.
Straume, T, Marchetti, A A, & Anspaugh, L R. The feasibility of using {sup 129}I to reconstruct {sup 131}I desposition from the Chernobyl reactor accident. United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-199611000-00015.
Straume, T, Marchetti, A A, and Anspaugh, L R. Fri . "The feasibility of using {sup 129}I to reconstruct {sup 131}I desposition from the Chernobyl reactor accident". United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-199611000-00015.
@article{osti_416469,
title = {The feasibility of using {sup 129}I to reconstruct {sup 131}I desposition from the Chernobyl reactor accident},
author = {Straume, T and Marchetti, A A and Anspaugh, L R},
abstractNote = {Radioiodine released to the atmosphere from the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in the spring of 1986 resulted in large-scale thyroid-gland exposure of populations in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. Because of the short half life of {sup 131}I (8.04 d), adequate data on the intensities and patterns of iodine deposition were not collected, especially in the regions where the incidence of childhood-thyroid cancer is now increasing. Results are presented from a feasibility study that show that accelerator-mass-spectrometry measurements of {sup 129}I (half life 16 {times} 10{sup 6}y) in soil can be used to reconstruct {sup 131}I-deposition density and thus help in the thyroid-dosimetry effort that is now urgently needed to support epidemiologic studies of childhood-thyroid cancer in the affected regions. 32refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.},
doi = {10.1097/00004032-199611000-00015},
journal = {Health Physics},
number = 5,
volume = 71,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {11}
}