skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Radiological dose assessment related to management of naturally occurring radioactive materials generated by the petroleum industry

Abstract

A preliminary radiological dose assessment of equipment decontamination, subsurface disposal, landspreading, equipment smelting, and equipment burial was conducted to address concerns regarding the presence of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) in production waste streams. The assessment estimated maximum individual dose equivalents for workers and the general public. Sensitivity analyses of certain input parameters also were conducted. On the basis of this assessment, it is concluded that (1) regulations requiring workers to wear respiratory protection during equipment cleaning operations are likely to result in lower worker doses, (2) underground injection and downhole encapsulation of NORM wastes present a negligible risk to the general public, and (3) potential doses to workers and the general public related to smelting NORM-contaminated equipment can be controlled by limiting the contamination level of the initial feed. It is recommended that (1) NORM wastes be further characterized to improve studies of potential radiological doses; (2) states be encouraged to permit subsurface disposal of NORM more readily, provided further assessments support this study; results; (3) further assessment of landspreading NORM wastes be conducted; and (4) the political, economic, sociological, and nonradiological issues related to smelting NORM-contaminated equipment be studied to fully examine the feasibility of this disposal option.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.
  2. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Human Resources and Administration, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
414355
Report Number(s):
ANL/EAD-2
ON: DE97001743; TRN: 97:001850
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; PETROLEUM INDUSTRY; RADIATION HAZARDS; NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY; DOSIMETRY; RADIATION DOSES; RISK ASSESSMENT

Citation Formats

Smith, K P, Blunt, D L, Williams, G P, and Tebes, C L. Radiological dose assessment related to management of naturally occurring radioactive materials generated by the petroleum industry. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.2172/414355.
Smith, K P, Blunt, D L, Williams, G P, & Tebes, C L. Radiological dose assessment related to management of naturally occurring radioactive materials generated by the petroleum industry. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/414355
Smith, K P, Blunt, D L, Williams, G P, and Tebes, C L. Sun . "Radiological dose assessment related to management of naturally occurring radioactive materials generated by the petroleum industry". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/414355. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/414355.
@article{osti_414355,
title = {Radiological dose assessment related to management of naturally occurring radioactive materials generated by the petroleum industry},
author = {Smith, K P and Blunt, D L and Williams, G P and Tebes, C L},
abstractNote = {A preliminary radiological dose assessment of equipment decontamination, subsurface disposal, landspreading, equipment smelting, and equipment burial was conducted to address concerns regarding the presence of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) in production waste streams. The assessment estimated maximum individual dose equivalents for workers and the general public. Sensitivity analyses of certain input parameters also were conducted. On the basis of this assessment, it is concluded that (1) regulations requiring workers to wear respiratory protection during equipment cleaning operations are likely to result in lower worker doses, (2) underground injection and downhole encapsulation of NORM wastes present a negligible risk to the general public, and (3) potential doses to workers and the general public related to smelting NORM-contaminated equipment can be controlled by limiting the contamination level of the initial feed. It is recommended that (1) NORM wastes be further characterized to improve studies of potential radiological doses; (2) states be encouraged to permit subsurface disposal of NORM more readily, provided further assessments support this study; results; (3) further assessment of landspreading NORM wastes be conducted; and (4) the political, economic, sociological, and nonradiological issues related to smelting NORM-contaminated equipment be studied to fully examine the feasibility of this disposal option.},
doi = {10.2172/414355},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/414355}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {9}
}