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Title: Accelerator-based conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium: Plant layout study and related design issues

Abstract

In preparation for and in support of a detailed R and D Plan for the Accelerator-Based Conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium, an ABC Plant Layout Study was conducted at the level of a pre-conceptual engineering design. The plant layout is based on an adaptation of the Molten-Salt Breeder Reactor (MSBR) detailed conceptual design that was completed in the early 1070s. Although the ABC Plant Layout Study included the Accelerator Equipment as an essential element, the engineering assessment focused primarily on the Target; Primary System (blanket and all systems containing plutonium-bearing fuel salt); the Heat-Removal System (secondary-coolant-salt and supercritical-steam systems); Chemical Processing; Operation and Maintenance; Containment and Safety; and Instrumentation and Control systems. Although constrained primarily to a reflection of an accelerator-driven (subcritical) variant of MSBR system, unique features and added flexibilities of the ABC suggest improved or alternative approaches to each of the above-listed subsystems; these, along with the key technical issues in need of resolution through a detailed R&D plan for ABC are described on the bases of the ``strawman`` or ``point-of-departure`` plant layout that resulted from this study.

Authors:
;  [1]; ; ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
41396
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-95-1096
ON: DE95009491; TRN: AHC29512%%134
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: [1995]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; PLUTONIUM; RADIOACTIVE WASTE PROCESSING; ACCELERATOR FACILITIES; DESIGN; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; HYBRID SYSTEMS; ON-SITE POWER GENERATION; SUBCRITICAL ASSEMBLIES; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; BREEDING BLANKETS; SCALING LAWS; ENGINEERED SAFETY SYSTEMS; HEAT EXCHANGERS; STEAM SYSTEMS; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; USES; CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS

Citation Formats

Cowell, B.S., Fontana, M.H., Krakowski, R.A., Beard, C.A., Buksa, J.J., Davidson, J.W., Sailor, W.C., and Williamson, M.A.. Accelerator-based conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium: Plant layout study and related design issues. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/41396.
Cowell, B.S., Fontana, M.H., Krakowski, R.A., Beard, C.A., Buksa, J.J., Davidson, J.W., Sailor, W.C., & Williamson, M.A.. Accelerator-based conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium: Plant layout study and related design issues. United States. doi:10.2172/41396.
Cowell, B.S., Fontana, M.H., Krakowski, R.A., Beard, C.A., Buksa, J.J., Davidson, J.W., Sailor, W.C., and Williamson, M.A.. Sat . "Accelerator-based conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium: Plant layout study and related design issues". United States. doi:10.2172/41396. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/41396.
@article{osti_41396,
title = {Accelerator-based conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium: Plant layout study and related design issues},
author = {Cowell, B.S. and Fontana, M.H. and Krakowski, R.A. and Beard, C.A. and Buksa, J.J. and Davidson, J.W. and Sailor, W.C. and Williamson, M.A.},
abstractNote = {In preparation for and in support of a detailed R and D Plan for the Accelerator-Based Conversion (ABC) of weapons plutonium, an ABC Plant Layout Study was conducted at the level of a pre-conceptual engineering design. The plant layout is based on an adaptation of the Molten-Salt Breeder Reactor (MSBR) detailed conceptual design that was completed in the early 1070s. Although the ABC Plant Layout Study included the Accelerator Equipment as an essential element, the engineering assessment focused primarily on the Target; Primary System (blanket and all systems containing plutonium-bearing fuel salt); the Heat-Removal System (secondary-coolant-salt and supercritical-steam systems); Chemical Processing; Operation and Maintenance; Containment and Safety; and Instrumentation and Control systems. Although constrained primarily to a reflection of an accelerator-driven (subcritical) variant of MSBR system, unique features and added flexibilities of the ABC suggest improved or alternative approaches to each of the above-listed subsystems; these, along with the key technical issues in need of resolution through a detailed R&D plan for ABC are described on the bases of the ``strawman`` or ``point-of-departure`` plant layout that resulted from this study.},
doi = {10.2172/41396},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 1995},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 1995}
}

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