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Title: SUMMARY OF HYPOTHETICAL WHOLE-BODY GAMMA EXPOSURES AND INFANT THYROID DOSES RESULTING OFF-SITE FROM PROJECT ROVER NUCLEAR REACTOR/ENGINE TESTS AT THE NUCLEAR ROCKET DEVELOPMENT STATION.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Public Health Service, Las Vegas, Nev. Southwestern Radiological Health Lab.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
4101151
Report Number(s):
SWRHL-92-r
NSA Number:
NSA-24-048543
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: UNCL. Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-70
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English
Subject:
N28420* -Life Sciences-Health Physics & Safety-Dosimetry & Monitoring; N28630 -Life Sciences-Radiation Effects on Animals-Man; GAMMA RADIATION; MAN; RADIATION DOSES; THYROID; WHOLE-BODY IRRADIATION; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems; THYROID GLAND/radiation dose to, of infants following testing at Nuclear Rocket Development Station,; GAMMA RADIATION/dose to thyroid and whole-body of infants following testing at Nuclear Rocket Development Station; MAN/radiation dose to thyroid of infant, following testing at Nuclear Rocket Development Station,; NUCLEAR AUXILIARY POWER SYSTEMS/testing at Nuclear Rocket Development Station, estimation of dose to thyroid of infants and whole-body following

Citation Formats

Grossman, R.F. SUMMARY OF HYPOTHETICAL WHOLE-BODY GAMMA EXPOSURES AND INFANT THYROID DOSES RESULTING OFF-SITE FROM PROJECT ROVER NUCLEAR REACTOR/ENGINE TESTS AT THE NUCLEAR ROCKET DEVELOPMENT STATION.. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 1970. Web. doi:10.2172/4101151.
Grossman, R.F. SUMMARY OF HYPOTHETICAL WHOLE-BODY GAMMA EXPOSURES AND INFANT THYROID DOSES RESULTING OFF-SITE FROM PROJECT ROVER NUCLEAR REACTOR/ENGINE TESTS AT THE NUCLEAR ROCKET DEVELOPMENT STATION.. Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.2172/4101151.
Grossman, R.F. Thu . "SUMMARY OF HYPOTHETICAL WHOLE-BODY GAMMA EXPOSURES AND INFANT THYROID DOSES RESULTING OFF-SITE FROM PROJECT ROVER NUCLEAR REACTOR/ENGINE TESTS AT THE NUCLEAR ROCKET DEVELOPMENT STATION.". Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.2172/4101151. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4101151.
@article{osti_4101151,
title = {SUMMARY OF HYPOTHETICAL WHOLE-BODY GAMMA EXPOSURES AND INFANT THYROID DOSES RESULTING OFF-SITE FROM PROJECT ROVER NUCLEAR REACTOR/ENGINE TESTS AT THE NUCLEAR ROCKET DEVELOPMENT STATION.},
author = {Grossman, R.F.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.2172/4101151},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1970},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1970}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The results of nuclear rocket development activities from the inception of the ROVER program in 1955 through the termination of activities on January 5, 1973 are summarized. This report discusses the nuclear reactor test configurations (non cold flow) along with the nuclear furnace demonstrated during this time frame. Included in the report are brief descriptions of the propulsion systems, test objectives, accomplishments, technical issues, and relevant test results for the various reactor tests. Additionally, this document is specifically aimed at reporting performance data and their relationship to fuel element development with little or no emphasis on other (important) items.
  • Nuclear rocket and ramjet engine tests were conducted on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) in Area 25 and Area 26, about 80 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, from July 1959 through September 1969. This document presents a brief history of the nuclear rocket engine tests, information on the off-site radiological monitoring, and descriptions of the tests.
  • In the early 1990s, concern about the Oak Ridge Reservation's past releases of contaminants to the environment prompted Tennessee's public health officials to pursue an in-depth study of potential off-site health effects at Oak Ridge. This study, the Oak Ridge dose reconstruction, was supported by an agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Tennessee, and was overseen by a 12-member panel appointed by Tennessee's Commissioner of Health. One of the major contaminants studied in the dose reconstruction was radioactive iodine, which was released to the air by X-10 (now called Oak Ridge National Laboratory) asmore » it processed spent nuclear reactor fuel from 1944 through 1956. The process recovered radioactive lanthanum for use in weapons development. Iodine concentrates in the thyroid gland so health concerns include various diseases of the thyroid, such as thyroid cancer. The large report, ''Iodine-131 Releases from Radioactive Lanthanum Processing at the X-10 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (1944-1956) - An Assessment of Quantities Released, Off-site Radiation Doses, and Potential Excess Risks of Thyroid Cancer,'' is in two volumes. Volume 1 is the main body of the report, and Volume 1A, which has the same title, consists of 22 supporting appendices. Together, these reports serve the following purposes: (1) describe the methodologies used to estimate the amount of iodine-131 (I-131) released; (2) evaluate I-131's pathway from air to vegetation to food to humans; (3) estimate doses received by human thyroids; (4) estimate excess risk of acquiring a thyroid cancer during ones lifetime; and (5) provide equations, examples of historical documents used, and tables of calculated values. Results indicate that females born in 1952 who consumed milk from a goat pastured a few miles east of X-10 received the highest doses from I-131 and would have had the highest risks of contracting thyroid cancer. Doses from cow's milk are considerably less . Detailed dose and risk estimates, and associated uncertainties, for other contaminants studied for the Oak Ridge dose reconstruction are presented in several other technical reports. One way to easily locate them in OSTI's Information Bridge is by searching the ''report number field'' for the number DOE/OR/21981*. Be sure to place the asterisk after the base number so your search can list the complete series of reports related to Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction.« less
  • This report consists of all the appendices for the report described below: In the early 1990s, concern about the Oak Ridge Reservation's past releases of contaminants to the environment prompted Tennessee's public health officials to pursue an in-depth study of potential off-site health effects at Oak Ridge. This study, the Oak Ridge dose reconstruction, was supported by an agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Tennessee, and was overseen by a 12-member panel appointed by Tennessee's Commissioner of Health. One of the major contaminants studied in the dose reconstruction was radioactive iodine, which was releasedmore » to the air by X-10 (now called Oak Ridge National Laboratory) as it processed spent nuclear reactor fuel from 1944 through 1956. The process recovered radioactive lanthanum for use in weapons development. Iodine concentrates in the thyroid gland so health concerns include various diseases of the thyroid, such as thyroid cancer. The large report, ''Iodine-131 Releases from Radioactive Lanthanum Processing at the X-10 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (1944-1956) - An Assessment of Quantities Released, Off-site Radiation Doses, and Potential Excess Risks of Thyroid Cancer,'' is in two volumes. Volume 1 is the main body of the report, and Volume 1A, which has the same title, consists of 22 supporting appendices. Together, these reports serve the following purposes: (1) describe the methodologies used to estimate the amount of iodine-131 (I-131) released; (2) evaluate I-131's pathway from air to vegetation to food to humans; (3) estimate doses received by human thyroids; (4) estimate excess risk of acquiring a thyroid cancer during ones lifetime; and (5) provide equations, examples of historical documents used, and tables of calculated values as appendices. Results indicate that females born in 1952 who consumed milk from a goat pastured a few miles east of X-10 received the highest doses from I-131 and would have had the highest risks of contracting thyroid cancer. Doses from cow's milk are considerably less. Detailed dose and risk estimates, and associated uncertainties, for other contaminants studied in the Oak Ridge dose reconstruction are presented in several other technical reports. One way to easily locate them in OSTI's Information Bridge is by searching the ''report number field'' for the number DOE/OR/21981*. Be sure to place the asterisk after the base number so your search can list the complete series of reports related to Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction.« less