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Title: BURNOUT HEAT FLUXES FOR LOW-PRESSURE WATER IN NATURAL CIRCULATION

Abstract

Twenty-nine experimental determinations of burn-out heat flux were made with water flowing by natural circulaion through electrically heated vertical tubes with and without internal twisted tapes and through rectangular cross sections of three aspect ratios. Heated lengths varied from 10 to 33 in., system pressure at the testsection flow exit from 14.7 to 26.3 psia, inlet subcooling from 36 to 170 deg F, and burn-out heat flux from 13,000 to 218,500 Btu/hr/sq ft. Tests were made with both unrestricted and restricted return flow paths. Three correlations were developed for predicting natural-circulation burn-out heat fluxes for such conditions. Two are useful for rapid estimation but the third involves a more fundamental assessment of the coolant mass velocity at burn-out by a graphical matching of the heat flux that a given flow rate can sustain to the heat flux that will produce that flow rate. For all the data, this approach gave average and maximum deviations of 15 and 38%, respectively. It was found that use of a slip ratio of unity is adequate for burnout prediction, and the reasons for this are discussed in detail. The small burn-out penalty incurred by a substantial restriction of return flow path, experimentally observed, ismore » in complete accord with the theoretical model. (auth)« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., Tenn.
OSTI Identifier:
4077756
Report Number(s):
ORNL-3026
NSA Number:
NSA-15-013056
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-26
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-61
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
ENGINEERING AND EQUIPMENT; BURNOUT; COOLANTS; COOLING; DIAGRAMS; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRICITY; FLUID FLOW; HEAT TRANSFER; HEATING; LABORATORY EQUIPMENT; LIQUIDS; MASS; MATHEMATICS; PIPES; PRESSURE; QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS; SLIP VELOCITY; STANDARDS; SUBCOOLING; TESTING; TUBES; VAPORS; VELOCITY; WATER

Citation Formats

Gambill, W.R., and Bundy, R.D.. BURNOUT HEAT FLUXES FOR LOW-PRESSURE WATER IN NATURAL CIRCULATION. United States: N. p., 1960. Web. doi:10.2172/4077756.
Gambill, W.R., & Bundy, R.D.. BURNOUT HEAT FLUXES FOR LOW-PRESSURE WATER IN NATURAL CIRCULATION. United States. doi:10.2172/4077756.
Gambill, W.R., and Bundy, R.D.. Tue . "BURNOUT HEAT FLUXES FOR LOW-PRESSURE WATER IN NATURAL CIRCULATION". United States. doi:10.2172/4077756. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4077756.
@article{osti_4077756,
title = {BURNOUT HEAT FLUXES FOR LOW-PRESSURE WATER IN NATURAL CIRCULATION},
author = {Gambill, W.R. and Bundy, R.D.},
abstractNote = {Twenty-nine experimental determinations of burn-out heat flux were made with water flowing by natural circulaion through electrically heated vertical tubes with and without internal twisted tapes and through rectangular cross sections of three aspect ratios. Heated lengths varied from 10 to 33 in., system pressure at the testsection flow exit from 14.7 to 26.3 psia, inlet subcooling from 36 to 170 deg F, and burn-out heat flux from 13,000 to 218,500 Btu/hr/sq ft. Tests were made with both unrestricted and restricted return flow paths. Three correlations were developed for predicting natural-circulation burn-out heat fluxes for such conditions. Two are useful for rapid estimation but the third involves a more fundamental assessment of the coolant mass velocity at burn-out by a graphical matching of the heat flux that a given flow rate can sustain to the heat flux that will produce that flow rate. For all the data, this approach gave average and maximum deviations of 15 and 38%, respectively. It was found that use of a slip ratio of unity is adequate for burnout prediction, and the reasons for this are discussed in detail. The small burn-out penalty incurred by a substantial restriction of return flow path, experimentally observed, is in complete accord with the theoretical model. (auth)},
doi = {10.2172/4077756},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Dec 20 00:00:00 EST 1960},
month = {Tue Dec 20 00:00:00 EST 1960}
}

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