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Title: Cells with sodium hypochlorite or chlorite and anodes of magnesium or aluminum

Abstract

A cell composed of a chlorine oxy-ion salt, acting as the battery positive, and anodes of magnesium or aluminum was found to be capable of producing potentials and currents comparable to those of conventional batteries. However, its use would have to be limited to that of a reserve type of battery with a short service-life because of the chemical interaction of the anodes with the electrolyte. This rate of reaction was considerably reduced by the presence of nitrate ion in the electrolyte. The rate of decomposition of hypochlorite solutions on aging was found not to be significant for their use in a reserve type of battery. The utilization of the reactants in the magnesium-chlorine oxy-ion cells was about 60% on a continuous discharge. Since these cells after being discharged would contain only a solution of common salt and a slurry of a metal hydroxide, they were innocuous with respect to the environment. Since this characteristic might make the battery of possible interest for a green motor vehicles, a battery was evaluated with respect to the adaptations that would be necessary for such an application.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. N-Q Electrochemical Research, Chevy Chase, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
404659
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: PBD: Oct 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 40 CHEMISTRY; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; CATHODES; ANODES; OXYCHLORIDES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; VOLTAGE DROP; BATTERY CHARGING; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES

Citation Formats

Brenner, A. Cells with sodium hypochlorite or chlorite and anodes of magnesium or aluminum. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.1149/1.1837175.
Brenner, A. Cells with sodium hypochlorite or chlorite and anodes of magnesium or aluminum. United States. doi:10.1149/1.1837175.
Brenner, A. Tue . "Cells with sodium hypochlorite or chlorite and anodes of magnesium or aluminum". United States. doi:10.1149/1.1837175.
@article{osti_404659,
title = {Cells with sodium hypochlorite or chlorite and anodes of magnesium or aluminum},
author = {Brenner, A},
abstractNote = {A cell composed of a chlorine oxy-ion salt, acting as the battery positive, and anodes of magnesium or aluminum was found to be capable of producing potentials and currents comparable to those of conventional batteries. However, its use would have to be limited to that of a reserve type of battery with a short service-life because of the chemical interaction of the anodes with the electrolyte. This rate of reaction was considerably reduced by the presence of nitrate ion in the electrolyte. The rate of decomposition of hypochlorite solutions on aging was found not to be significant for their use in a reserve type of battery. The utilization of the reactants in the magnesium-chlorine oxy-ion cells was about 60% on a continuous discharge. Since these cells after being discharged would contain only a solution of common salt and a slurry of a metal hydroxide, they were innocuous with respect to the environment. Since this characteristic might make the battery of possible interest for a green motor vehicles, a battery was evaluated with respect to the adaptations that would be necessary for such an application.},
doi = {10.1149/1.1837175},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 10,
volume = 143,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {10}
}