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Title: Role of the micro/macro structure of welds in crack nucleation and propagation in aerospace aluminum-lithium alloy

Abstract

Al-Li alloys offer the benefits of increased strength, elastic modulus and lower densities as compared to conventional aluminum alloys. Martin Marietta Laboratories has developed an Al-Li alloy designated 2195 which is designated for use in the cryogenic tanks of the space shuttle. The Variable Polarity Plasma Arc (VPPA) welding process is currently being used to produce these welds. VPPA welding utilizes high temperature ionized gas (plasma) to transfer heat to the workpiece. An inert gas, such as Helium, is used to shield the active welding zone to prevent contamination of the molten base metal with surrounding reactive atmospheric gases. (1) In the Space Shuttle application, two passes of the arc are used to complete a butt-type weld. The pressure of the plasma stream is increased during the first pass to force the arc entirely through the material, a practice commonly referred to as keyholing. Molten metal forms on either side of the arc and surface tension draws this liquid together as the arc passes. 2319 Al alloy filler material may also be fed into the weld zone during this pass. During the second pass, the plasma stream pressure is reduced such that only partial penetration of the base material ismore » obtained. Al 2319 filler material is added during this pass to yield a uniform, fully filled welded joint. This additional pass also acts to alter the grain structure of the weld zone to yield a higher strength joint.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Alabama Univ., Huntsville, AL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
402038
Report Number(s):
N-96-27465; NASA-CR-199830; NAS-1.26:199830; NIPS-96-43981; CONF-9505382-
TRN: 9627511
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: NASA/ASEE summer faculty fellowship program, Huntsville, AL (United States), 15 May 1995; Other Information: PBD: Feb 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Research Reports: 1995 NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Program; Karr, G.R.; Chappell, C.R.; Six, F.; Freeman, L.M.; PB: 494 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; WELDED JOINTS; CRACK PROPAGATION; LITHIUM ALLOYS; PLASMA ARC WELDING; ALUMINIUM BASE ALLOYS; YIELD STRENGTH

Citation Formats

Talia, G E. Role of the micro/macro structure of welds in crack nucleation and propagation in aerospace aluminum-lithium alloy. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Talia, G E. Role of the micro/macro structure of welds in crack nucleation and propagation in aerospace aluminum-lithium alloy. United States.
Talia, G E. Thu . "Role of the micro/macro structure of welds in crack nucleation and propagation in aerospace aluminum-lithium alloy". United States.
@article{osti_402038,
title = {Role of the micro/macro structure of welds in crack nucleation and propagation in aerospace aluminum-lithium alloy},
author = {Talia, G E},
abstractNote = {Al-Li alloys offer the benefits of increased strength, elastic modulus and lower densities as compared to conventional aluminum alloys. Martin Marietta Laboratories has developed an Al-Li alloy designated 2195 which is designated for use in the cryogenic tanks of the space shuttle. The Variable Polarity Plasma Arc (VPPA) welding process is currently being used to produce these welds. VPPA welding utilizes high temperature ionized gas (plasma) to transfer heat to the workpiece. An inert gas, such as Helium, is used to shield the active welding zone to prevent contamination of the molten base metal with surrounding reactive atmospheric gases. (1) In the Space Shuttle application, two passes of the arc are used to complete a butt-type weld. The pressure of the plasma stream is increased during the first pass to force the arc entirely through the material, a practice commonly referred to as keyholing. Molten metal forms on either side of the arc and surface tension draws this liquid together as the arc passes. 2319 Al alloy filler material may also be fed into the weld zone during this pass. During the second pass, the plasma stream pressure is reduced such that only partial penetration of the base material is obtained. Al 2319 filler material is added during this pass to yield a uniform, fully filled welded joint. This additional pass also acts to alter the grain structure of the weld zone to yield a higher strength joint.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {2}
}

Conference:
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