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Title: Survey of Worldwide Light Water Reactor Experience with Mixed Uranium-Plutonium Oxide Fuel

Abstract

The US and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) have recently declared quantities of weapons materials, including weapons-grade (WG) plutonium, excess to strategic requirements. One of the leading candidates for the disposition of excess WG plutonium is irradiation in light water reactors (LWRs) as mixed uranium-plutonium oxide (MOX) fuel. A description of the MOX fuel fabrication techniques in worldwide use is presented. A comprehensive examination of the domestic MOX experience in US reactors obtained during the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s is also presented. This experience is described by manufacturer and is also categorized by the reactor facility that irradiated the MOX fuel. A limited summary of the international experience with MOX fuels is also presented. A review of MOX fuel and its performance is conducted in view of the special considerations associated with the disposition of WG plutonium. Based on the available information, it appears that adoption of foreign commercial MOX technology from one of the successful MOX fuel vendors will minimize the technical risks to the overall mission. The conclusion is made that the existing MOX fuel experience base suggests that disposition of excess weapons plutonium through irradiation in LWRs is a technically attractive option.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (MD) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
3972
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-13428
TRN: US0101458
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-96OR22464
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Feb 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; FABRICATION; PERFORMANCE; WATER COOLED REACTORS; MIXED OXIDE FUELS; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM RECYCLE

Citation Formats

Cowell, B S, and Fisher, S E. Survey of Worldwide Light Water Reactor Experience with Mixed Uranium-Plutonium Oxide Fuel. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.2172/3972.
Cowell, B S, & Fisher, S E. Survey of Worldwide Light Water Reactor Experience with Mixed Uranium-Plutonium Oxide Fuel. United States. doi:10.2172/3972.
Cowell, B S, and Fisher, S E. Mon . "Survey of Worldwide Light Water Reactor Experience with Mixed Uranium-Plutonium Oxide Fuel". United States. doi:10.2172/3972. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/3972.
@article{osti_3972,
title = {Survey of Worldwide Light Water Reactor Experience with Mixed Uranium-Plutonium Oxide Fuel},
author = {Cowell, B S and Fisher, S E},
abstractNote = {The US and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) have recently declared quantities of weapons materials, including weapons-grade (WG) plutonium, excess to strategic requirements. One of the leading candidates for the disposition of excess WG plutonium is irradiation in light water reactors (LWRs) as mixed uranium-plutonium oxide (MOX) fuel. A description of the MOX fuel fabrication techniques in worldwide use is presented. A comprehensive examination of the domestic MOX experience in US reactors obtained during the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s is also presented. This experience is described by manufacturer and is also categorized by the reactor facility that irradiated the MOX fuel. A limited summary of the international experience with MOX fuels is also presented. A review of MOX fuel and its performance is conducted in view of the special considerations associated with the disposition of WG plutonium. Based on the available information, it appears that adoption of foreign commercial MOX technology from one of the successful MOX fuel vendors will minimize the technical risks to the overall mission. The conclusion is made that the existing MOX fuel experience base suggests that disposition of excess weapons plutonium through irradiation in LWRs is a technically attractive option.},
doi = {10.2172/3972},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {2}
}