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Title: Laser-plasma interactions in large gas-filled hohlraums

Abstract

Indirect-drive targets planned for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser consist of spherical fuel capsules enclosed in cylindrical Au hohlraums. Laser beams, arranged in cylindrical rings, heat the inside of the Au wall to produce x rays that in turn heat and implode the capsule to produce fusion conditions in the fuel. Detailed calculations show that adequate implosion symmetry can be maintained by filling the hohlraum interior with low-density, low-Z gases. The plasma produced from the heated gas provides sufficient pressure to keep the radiating Au surface from expanding excessively. As the laser heats this gas, the gas becomes a relatively uniform plasma with small gradients in velocity and density. Such long-scale-length plasmas can be ideal mediums for stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS). SBS can reflect a large fraction of the incident laser light before it is absorbed by the hohlraum; therefore, it is undesirable in an inertial confinement fusion target. To examine the importance of SBS in NIF targets, the authors used Nova to measure SBS from hohlraums with plasma conditions similar to those predicted for high-gain NIF targets. The plasmas differ from the more familiar exploding foil or solid targets as follows: they are hot (3 keV); they havemore » high electron densities (n{sub e}=10{sup 21}cm{sup {minus}3}); and they are nearly stationary, confined within an Au cylinder, and uniform over large distances (>2 mm). These hohlraums have <3% peak SBS backscatter for an interaction beam with intensities of 1-4 x 10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}, a laser wavelength of 0.351{micro}m, f/4 or f/8 focusing optics, and a variety of beam smoothing implementations. Based on these conditions the authors conclude that SBS does not appear to be a problem for NIF targets.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
376944
Report Number(s):
UCRL-LR-105820-95
ON: DE96013181; TRN: 96:004685-0010
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jun 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of Inertial confinement fusion. 1995 ICF annual report, October 1994--September 1995; PB: 407 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; LASER TARGETS; BRILLOUIN EFFECT; INDIRECT DRIVE LASER IMPLOSION; PROGRESS REPORT

Citation Formats

Turner, R. E., Powers, L. V., and Berger, R. L. Laser-plasma interactions in large gas-filled hohlraums. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.2172/376944.
Turner, R. E., Powers, L. V., & Berger, R. L. Laser-plasma interactions in large gas-filled hohlraums. United States. doi:10.2172/376944.
Turner, R. E., Powers, L. V., and Berger, R. L. Sat . "Laser-plasma interactions in large gas-filled hohlraums". United States. doi:10.2172/376944. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/376944.
@article{osti_376944,
title = {Laser-plasma interactions in large gas-filled hohlraums},
author = {Turner, R. E. and Powers, L. V. and Berger, R. L.},
abstractNote = {Indirect-drive targets planned for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser consist of spherical fuel capsules enclosed in cylindrical Au hohlraums. Laser beams, arranged in cylindrical rings, heat the inside of the Au wall to produce x rays that in turn heat and implode the capsule to produce fusion conditions in the fuel. Detailed calculations show that adequate implosion symmetry can be maintained by filling the hohlraum interior with low-density, low-Z gases. The plasma produced from the heated gas provides sufficient pressure to keep the radiating Au surface from expanding excessively. As the laser heats this gas, the gas becomes a relatively uniform plasma with small gradients in velocity and density. Such long-scale-length plasmas can be ideal mediums for stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS). SBS can reflect a large fraction of the incident laser light before it is absorbed by the hohlraum; therefore, it is undesirable in an inertial confinement fusion target. To examine the importance of SBS in NIF targets, the authors used Nova to measure SBS from hohlraums with plasma conditions similar to those predicted for high-gain NIF targets. The plasmas differ from the more familiar exploding foil or solid targets as follows: they are hot (3 keV); they have high electron densities (n{sub e}=10{sup 21}cm{sup {minus}3}); and they are nearly stationary, confined within an Au cylinder, and uniform over large distances (>2 mm). These hohlraums have <3% peak SBS backscatter for an interaction beam with intensities of 1-4 x 10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}, a laser wavelength of 0.351{micro}m, f/4 or f/8 focusing optics, and a variety of beam smoothing implementations. Based on these conditions the authors conclude that SBS does not appear to be a problem for NIF targets.},
doi = {10.2172/376944},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {6}
}