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Title: Effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior and stress corrosion cracking of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in aqueous environments

Abstract

The slow strain rate tension technique was used to study the effect of strain rate on susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and crack velocity of 67/33 {alpha}-brass (UNS C26800) in 0.1 M sodium halide solutions (pH = 6.8) at 25 C. The effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior of {alpha}-brass also was investigated using cyclic polarization techniques. Results indicated fluoride ions induced a significant susceptibility to intergranular stress corrosion cracking. Susceptibility increased with decreasing strain rate. Crack velocity also increased with strain rate in a double logarithmic relationship. The entire fracture surface was characteristic of IGSCC at a critical strain rate of 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}6}/s. The open-circuit potential (OCP) was within the potential range where cuprous oxide is stable. Electrochemical polarization analysis confirmed that 67/33 {alpha}-brass can form a passive Cu{sub 2}O film in 0.1 M sodium fluoride solution and that this passive film can break down. Results suggested film rupture and slip-dealloying dissolution may be involved in IGSCC of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in F{sup {minus}} solution. In 0.1 M chloride, bromide, or iodide solutions, no SCC susceptibility was observed regardless of strain rate. OCP moved to more active potentials in the presence of Cl{sup {minus}}, Br{sup {minus}},more » and I{sup {minus}}. This result was attributed to formation of soluble cuprous complexes controlling the dealloying process through precipitation of metal ion salts on the surface of {alpha}-brass.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan, Province of China). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
376286
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Corrosion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BRASS-ALPHA; STRESS CORROSION; CRACK PROPAGATION; MECHANICAL TESTS; SODIUM CHLORIDES; SODIUM BROMIDES; SODIUM IODIDES; INTERGRANULAR CORROSION; SODIUM FLUORIDES; CORROSIVE EFFECTS; CORROSION PRODUCTS

Citation Formats

Lee, C K, and Shih, H C. Effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior and stress corrosion cracking of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in aqueous environments. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.5006/1.3292159.
Lee, C K, & Shih, H C. Effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior and stress corrosion cracking of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in aqueous environments. United States. doi:10.5006/1.3292159.
Lee, C K, and Shih, H C. Sun . "Effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior and stress corrosion cracking of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in aqueous environments". United States. doi:10.5006/1.3292159.
@article{osti_376286,
title = {Effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior and stress corrosion cracking of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in aqueous environments},
author = {Lee, C K and Shih, H C},
abstractNote = {The slow strain rate tension technique was used to study the effect of strain rate on susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and crack velocity of 67/33 {alpha}-brass (UNS C26800) in 0.1 M sodium halide solutions (pH = 6.8) at 25 C. The effect of halide ions on electrochemical behavior of {alpha}-brass also was investigated using cyclic polarization techniques. Results indicated fluoride ions induced a significant susceptibility to intergranular stress corrosion cracking. Susceptibility increased with decreasing strain rate. Crack velocity also increased with strain rate in a double logarithmic relationship. The entire fracture surface was characteristic of IGSCC at a critical strain rate of 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}6}/s. The open-circuit potential (OCP) was within the potential range where cuprous oxide is stable. Electrochemical polarization analysis confirmed that 67/33 {alpha}-brass can form a passive Cu{sub 2}O film in 0.1 M sodium fluoride solution and that this passive film can break down. Results suggested film rupture and slip-dealloying dissolution may be involved in IGSCC of 67/33 {alpha}-brass in F{sup {minus}} solution. In 0.1 M chloride, bromide, or iodide solutions, no SCC susceptibility was observed regardless of strain rate. OCP moved to more active potentials in the presence of Cl{sup {minus}}, Br{sup {minus}}, and I{sup {minus}}. This result was attributed to formation of soluble cuprous complexes controlling the dealloying process through precipitation of metal ion salts on the surface of {alpha}-brass.},
doi = {10.5006/1.3292159},
journal = {Corrosion},
number = 9,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {9}
}