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Title: Characterization of acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts using TGA and DSC

Abstract

Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied for characterizing the acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts through temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of n-butylamine (n-BA). A flow system was designed with heating and evacuation capability for preparing the n-BA adsorbed sample. The sample was then transferred to TGA (or DSC) apparatus. n-BA desorption conducted on TGA at different temperatures represents the interaction with surface acidic sites of different strength. BAse desorption at 100-240{degrees}C, 240-340{degrees}C, and 340-500{degrees}C, was classified as weak, intramediate, and strong acid sites, respectively. DSC indicates the endothermic nature of the differential thermogravimetric peaks (observed from TGA) in the above temperature regimes, confirming the TPD data. The microporous zeolites examined include three proton-form mordenites, three proton-form and metal-ion exchanged Y-zeolites, and four noble metal catalysts supported on mordenite and Y-zeolite. Four mesoporous zeolites were synthesized and examined by the same TPD method. Both the total acidity (mmol/g) and acid strength distribution depend on the zeolite type. Si/Al ratio, and metal loading. Ni and La ion-exchange decreased the strong acid sites. Pt and Pd loading on an HY decreased the strong acid sites but their loading on an H-mordenite had little effect on its strongmore » acid sites. Mesoporous zeolites showed lower acidity and lower fraction of strong acid sites compared to HY and H-mordenites. However, the acidity of mesoporous zeolites strongly depends on the aluminum source compounds used in the hydrothermal synthesis of the zeolites.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); and others
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
375666
Report Number(s):
CONF-960376-
TRN: 96:003805-0353
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Spring national meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), New Orleans, LA (United States), 24-28 Mar 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996; Related Information: Is Part Of 211th ACS national meeting; PB: 2284 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ZEOLITES; SURFACE PROPERTIES; MORDENITE; CATALYSTS; DESORPTION; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; PLATINUM; PALLADIUM; NICKEL; LANTHANUM

Citation Formats

Song, Chunshan, Lai, Wei-Chuan, Schmitz, A D, and Reddy, K M. Characterization of acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts using TGA and DSC. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Song, Chunshan, Lai, Wei-Chuan, Schmitz, A D, & Reddy, K M. Characterization of acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts using TGA and DSC. United States.
Song, Chunshan, Lai, Wei-Chuan, Schmitz, A D, and Reddy, K M. Tue . "Characterization of acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts using TGA and DSC". United States.
@article{osti_375666,
title = {Characterization of acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts using TGA and DSC},
author = {Song, Chunshan and Lai, Wei-Chuan and Schmitz, A D and Reddy, K M},
abstractNote = {Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied for characterizing the acidic properties of microporous and mesoporous zeolite catalysts through temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of n-butylamine (n-BA). A flow system was designed with heating and evacuation capability for preparing the n-BA adsorbed sample. The sample was then transferred to TGA (or DSC) apparatus. n-BA desorption conducted on TGA at different temperatures represents the interaction with surface acidic sites of different strength. BAse desorption at 100-240{degrees}C, 240-340{degrees}C, and 340-500{degrees}C, was classified as weak, intramediate, and strong acid sites, respectively. DSC indicates the endothermic nature of the differential thermogravimetric peaks (observed from TGA) in the above temperature regimes, confirming the TPD data. The microporous zeolites examined include three proton-form mordenites, three proton-form and metal-ion exchanged Y-zeolites, and four noble metal catalysts supported on mordenite and Y-zeolite. Four mesoporous zeolites were synthesized and examined by the same TPD method. Both the total acidity (mmol/g) and acid strength distribution depend on the zeolite type. Si/Al ratio, and metal loading. Ni and La ion-exchange decreased the strong acid sites. Pt and Pd loading on an HY decreased the strong acid sites but their loading on an H-mordenite had little effect on its strong acid sites. Mesoporous zeolites showed lower acidity and lower fraction of strong acid sites compared to HY and H-mordenites. However, the acidity of mesoporous zeolites strongly depends on the aluminum source compounds used in the hydrothermal synthesis of the zeolites.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {10}
}

Conference:
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