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Title: Itinerant extraction behavior of f-elements and yttrium with octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide

Abstract

The extraction behavior of selected trivalent lanthanides, actinides and yttrium was studied from thiocyanate and nitrate solutions using octyl(phenyl)N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO) in xylene as an extractant. It was found that these trivalent metal ions were extracted as MX{sub 3}.3CMPO (where X = SCN{sup -} or NO{sub 3}{sup -}). The equilibrium constants (K) of the above species were determined by non-linear regression analysis. The K values of trivalent lanthanides in nitrate solutions do not increase monotonically with increasing atomic number (Z), but have a maximum at Eu. On the other hand, in thiocyanate solutions, the K values increase with increasing Z. In the extraction systems containing soft ligands like thiocyanate the distribution ratio (D) of Y is lower than that of La, whereas trivalent actinides Am and Cm have much higher D values than their corresponding counterparts in the lanthanide series. The separation factors between these trivalent metal ions were calculated and compared with those obtained using the commercially important solvents like tributylphosphate (TBP), dihexyl-N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate (DHDECMP) and dibutylbutylphosphonate (DB[BP]). In the SCN{sup -}-CMPO system high separation factor between Am and Eu has been obtained. The possibility of utilizing CMPO in the recovery of Y in a pure form from the mixturesmore » containing Y, trivalent lanthanides and actinides has also been discussed. 31 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Regional Research Lab., Trivandrum (India)
  2. Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Bombay (India)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
374496
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: PBD: Aug 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 40 CHEMISTRY; YTTRIUM; SOLVENT EXTRACTION; RARE EARTHS; ACTINIDES; CMPO; PHOSPHINE OXIDES; IONS; STATISTICS; REGRESSION ANALYSIS; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; ORGANIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS; NITRATES; AMERICIUM; CURIUM; ATOMIC NUMBER; XYLENES

Citation Formats

Reddy, M L.P., Damodaran, A D, Mathur, J N, Murali, M S, Krishna, M V.B., and Iyer, R H. Itinerant extraction behavior of f-elements and yttrium with octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.1080/07366299608918369.
Reddy, M L.P., Damodaran, A D, Mathur, J N, Murali, M S, Krishna, M V.B., & Iyer, R H. Itinerant extraction behavior of f-elements and yttrium with octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide. United States. https://doi.org/10.1080/07366299608918369
Reddy, M L.P., Damodaran, A D, Mathur, J N, Murali, M S, Krishna, M V.B., and Iyer, R H. 1996. "Itinerant extraction behavior of f-elements and yttrium with octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide". United States. https://doi.org/10.1080/07366299608918369.
@article{osti_374496,
title = {Itinerant extraction behavior of f-elements and yttrium with octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide},
author = {Reddy, M L.P. and Damodaran, A D and Mathur, J N and Murali, M S and Krishna, M V.B. and Iyer, R H},
abstractNote = {The extraction behavior of selected trivalent lanthanides, actinides and yttrium was studied from thiocyanate and nitrate solutions using octyl(phenyl)N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO) in xylene as an extractant. It was found that these trivalent metal ions were extracted as MX{sub 3}.3CMPO (where X = SCN{sup -} or NO{sub 3}{sup -}). The equilibrium constants (K) of the above species were determined by non-linear regression analysis. The K values of trivalent lanthanides in nitrate solutions do not increase monotonically with increasing atomic number (Z), but have a maximum at Eu. On the other hand, in thiocyanate solutions, the K values increase with increasing Z. In the extraction systems containing soft ligands like thiocyanate the distribution ratio (D) of Y is lower than that of La, whereas trivalent actinides Am and Cm have much higher D values than their corresponding counterparts in the lanthanide series. The separation factors between these trivalent metal ions were calculated and compared with those obtained using the commercially important solvents like tributylphosphate (TBP), dihexyl-N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate (DHDECMP) and dibutylbutylphosphonate (DB[BP]). In the SCN{sup -}-CMPO system high separation factor between Am and Eu has been obtained. The possibility of utilizing CMPO in the recovery of Y in a pure form from the mixtures containing Y, trivalent lanthanides and actinides has also been discussed. 31 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.},
doi = {10.1080/07366299608918369},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/374496}, journal = {Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange},
number = 5,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {8}
}