skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of the structural properties of electrode materials in operating battery cells

Abstract

Hard x rays from a synchrotron source were utilized in diffraction experiments which probed the bulk of electrode materials while they were operating {ital in} {ital situ} in battery cells. Two technologically relevant electrode materials were examined; an {ital AB}{sub 2}-type anode in a nickel{endash}metal{endash}hydride cell and a LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathode in a Li-ion {open_quote}{open_quote}rocking chair{close_quote}{close_quote} cell. Structural features such as lattice expansions and contractions, phase transitions, and the formation of multiple phases were easily observed as either hydrogen or lithium was electrochemically intercalated in and out of the electrode materials. The relevance of this technique for future studies of battery electrode materials is discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Authors:
;  [1]; ; ;  [2]; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, 11973 (United States)
  2. Department of Applied Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, 11973 (United States)
  3. Gould Electronics, Inc., Eastlake, Ohio 44095-4001 (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
371336
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76CH00016
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 69; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: PBD: Jul 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 66 PHYSICS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTRODES; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION; STRUCTURAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; X RADIATION; LITHIUM OXIDES; MANGANESE OXIDES; NICKEL HYDRIDES; XRD

Citation Formats

Thurston, T R, Jisrawi, N M, Mukerjee, S, Yang, X Q, McBreen, J, Daroux, M L, and Xing, X K. Synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of the structural properties of electrode materials in operating battery cells. United States: N. p., 1996. Web. doi:10.1063/1.117369.
Thurston, T R, Jisrawi, N M, Mukerjee, S, Yang, X Q, McBreen, J, Daroux, M L, & Xing, X K. Synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of the structural properties of electrode materials in operating battery cells. United States. doi:10.1063/1.117369.
Thurston, T R, Jisrawi, N M, Mukerjee, S, Yang, X Q, McBreen, J, Daroux, M L, and Xing, X K. Mon . "Synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of the structural properties of electrode materials in operating battery cells". United States. doi:10.1063/1.117369.
@article{osti_371336,
title = {Synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of the structural properties of electrode materials in operating battery cells},
author = {Thurston, T R and Jisrawi, N M and Mukerjee, S and Yang, X Q and McBreen, J and Daroux, M L and Xing, X K},
abstractNote = {Hard x rays from a synchrotron source were utilized in diffraction experiments which probed the bulk of electrode materials while they were operating {ital in} {ital situ} in battery cells. Two technologically relevant electrode materials were examined; an {ital AB}{sub 2}-type anode in a nickel{endash}metal{endash}hydride cell and a LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathode in a Li-ion {open_quote}{open_quote}rocking chair{close_quote}{close_quote} cell. Structural features such as lattice expansions and contractions, phase transitions, and the formation of multiple phases were easily observed as either hydrogen or lithium was electrochemically intercalated in and out of the electrode materials. The relevance of this technique for future studies of battery electrode materials is discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}},
doi = {10.1063/1.117369},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 69,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {7}
}